CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. Knowing how to perform CPR on an adult, child and infant is very important. If you have never taken a CPR class, I would recommend attending a class so that you get first hand experience using a manikin. It's one thing to read about it, but another to actually try it out your self. You never know when you might have to help an unconscious victim. Even if you have taken a class before it's always good to continue to refresh your mind. Keep in mind that an infant is considered from birth to age one, child from age one to age eight and adult from age eight and up.

Things You Will Need

Face Shield if available

Rubber gloves if available

Step 1

When you come upon an unconscious victim you need to check for responsiveness. To check for responsive on an adult and child you need to tap them on their shoulders and ask, "Are you okay?" If no response then you will tell someone to call for help or call the emergency response system yourself if alone. When checking responsiveness on an infant, tap them on their feet. This is there sensitive spot. Keep in mind when performing CPR on an adult and child you should place them on a hard, firm surface preferably the floor. For an infant you need to place on an elevated, firm surface such as a counter top or table.

Step 2

Once the emergency system is activated, you need to open the air way and look, listen and feel for about 5 to 10 seconds. To open airway, you need to kneel beside the victim near the shoulders. Place palm of one hand on forehead and place two fingers of the other hand under the lower jaw to lift the chin. Look to see if the chest rises, observe if you feel any breaths and listening to see if you hear the victim breathing. If breathing, turn victim on their side and wait for EMS to arrive.

Step 3

If not breathing, immediately give two breaths. When you give breaths to an infant, your mouth will go over their mouth and nose and you give smaller breaths. If the first breath does not allow the chest to rise, then reposition the head and give the second breath. After second attempt then check the pulse, only if you are certified and trained, if not proceed to chest compressions.

Step 4

Give 30 chest compressions. Place the heel of one hand in the center of the chest, between the nipples, and place the other hand on top of the first hand (only for an adult and child). Give 30 compressions. When giving compressions on an infant you will use two fingers and place just below nipple line on breast bone.

Repeat sets of 30 compression and 2 breaths until help arrives.

Tips & Warnings

Note: When you are alone and no one is available to call for help when you are doing CPR for a child and infant you need to do five sets of 2 breaths and 30 compressions before you activate the emergency responsive system (EMS).