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Pigeon Terminology

By Edited Aug 15, 2015 0 0

If you are interested in pigeons as a hobby, then you need to get to know some common pigeon terms. This is by no means a comprehensive list, but just a starter for someone who wants to get to know the hobby better. Here is a list:

pigeon (21366)
Band - a band is a piece of plastic with information on it, that is added to the pigeon's leg when it is a baby (usually a week or so old). It is commonly added to the right leg. It has various information on it, such as the owner's phone number, a unique ID number, pigeon's month/year of birth, etc.

Bib - a colorful area on the front of a pigeon's neck. Yes, sometimes it looks like a bib on a baby. Or the pigeon is about to feast on lobster.

Cock - a male pigeon.

Coo - the general name for the sounds that pigeons make, usually during courtship.

Coop (also known as a "Loft") - the structure or 'house' that pigeons live in.

Crop - the 'stomach' located under the pigeon's neck. Food sits here for a while before passing through the rest of the digestive system. This is where the food is stored for feeding the babies.

Fancier - the name given for a person who devotes his entire time (spare or otherwise) raising pigeons. A fancier usually raises the hoity-toity pigeons he or she can show off. He or she probably races pigeons as well.

Hen - female pigeon.

Squab - a baby pigeon.

In addition, there are some general breeds of pigeons that should be known:

Carrier - probably the most well-known breed of pigeons. Originating in Persia (Iran), these pigeons were bred to carry messages.

Homer - this breed has a few sub-breeds, but the most common is the Racing Homer. As the name suggests, these birds race in competitions all over the world.

Rock Dove - the common pigeons that rule downtown and urban areas.

Tumbler - a pigeon breed that 'tumbles' in the air. As it is flying it occasionally does what looks like a backflip in the air. They are considered to be good flyers.


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