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The Pantheon, which in Greek means “to every God” is a temple building tourists flock to see on their trips to Italy and to Rome. This famous domed structure was ordered to be built by Marcus Agrippa, son-in-law of the Emperor Augustus.

Early History of Pantheons Old and Current Versions

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The ancient Romans built the original Pantheon between 753 and 716 BC in a dedication to their founder, the mythical Romulus, who they believed rose to the heavens from the site they chose to build it on. Then, over the next few hundred years they held festivals, rites and other ceremonies.

Other people say that it was Emperor Agrippa who was responsible for the construction of the first Parthenon and created it in 27 BC. That building was a T-Shaped structure that was 144 feet by 66 feet and made with masonry style walls and its roof was wooden and pitched.

That building got burned to the ground in a fire in 80 AD and then another Pantheon was put in its place by the Emperor Domitian. Bad luck literally struck again and it was destroyed by lighting in 110 AD.

Yet another version of the Pantheon was then created by Emperor Hadrian in 126 AD. This version was circle shaped and had a section that led into it with a dozen Corinthian style columns. It also had a rectangular shaped vestibule that linked a porch and a rotunda.

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This was under a sunken roof style of concrete dome. The famous dome of the Pantheon is hundreds of years later still the biggest concreted dome of its kind in the whole world. It was very hard for the Romans to build this since they only had primitive ways of making the concrete.

There is a row of niches lining the walls in the rear of the Pantheon that held statues of Roman god and emperors. Today, some of those hold tributes and even the bodies of former emperors.  The architecture of the Pantheon has inspired many other buildings, including the U.S. Capitol in Washington D.C.

Modern Pantheon News

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The Pantheon is one of the Roman buildings that has survived the best throughout history and houses a Roman Catholic Church, which has been there since the 7th century. Modern day church services are still held there since it is still considered to be a church.

Visitors on Italy trips can get into the Parthenon at no cost and it is open Monday through Saturday from 9 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. and on Sundays from 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. If you are interested in seeing the site before you even take that plane for cheap trips to Italy, then check out this live Pantheon webcam at

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The bottom line is that if you are going on vacations to Italy, you will not want to miss this beautiful and historic example of the ancient Romans and be awed by the fact that it still stands today after more than a thousand years after it was first built.