Since the invention of modern computers chess programs have been popular. They were among the first computer programs written. Chess was regarded as a test for computer strength. When chess programs became stronger, they became a measure for humans to judge their chess playing ability.

Chess computer.Credit: Public domain.


Computer Chess

Early computer chess programs weren’t that tough to beat. Average strength human chess players could hold their own to play chess against a computer. The computer could analyze a lot of moves in a short time. Many of these were moves a human wouldn’t consider.

Chess programs do play slightly different than a human. They tend to be more combinational, play to win pieces and material, rather than positional or gain a superior position on the board. Positional play is a little more abstract and doesn't crunch numbers and moves like combinational play. A computers advantage is they can look at so many moves rapidly. They very don’t make oversights.

Garry Kasparov – Deep Blue Matches

In February of 1996 world chess champion, Garry Kasparov, played the IBM computer Deep Blue a six game chess match. Kasparov won the match 4-2. He won 3, lost 1 and drew 2 games. The second match in 1997 Deep Blue won 3 1/2 - 2 1/2. The computer won 2, lost 1 and drew 3. Experts considered the last game a draw until Kasparov tried to win and played a risky move. If Kasparov had accepted a draw, the match would be tied.

Chess Online Against Computer

The internet has several sites to play online chess vs. computers. Some programs have the ability to set the computers strength from weak to hard. The change in computer strength generally is the amount of time allowed for it to analyze moves. These programs are good to measure the strength of a player.

Other sites allow using the internet to play against a human. These allow chatting while playing, and can be quite social.

Online Chess For Kids

Online chess for kids is a good way for them to learn to play. They can record their games and study or replay them later. Chess games for kids give them a ready and willing opponent. They can go to sites that offer playing against another person or against a computer.

It is a measure of a human’s strength to play chess against a computer and has many uses. It is used to put in a position for analysis. Because of the computer’s ability to look over a large number of moves, endgame theory has changed. In addition to that, it’s fun to play a chess computer.