A backyard fish pond or garden pond is a eye pleasing addition to any landscape.  Installing a pond will offer peace and relaxation to the whole family.  It will give everybody a peaceful setting to get away from the noise of the city, offering them a pleasing outdoor setting, even if only for a few minutes.

This is a project that can be done by almost anyone familiar with do it yourself projects, but care must be taken in planning, to avoid mistakes than can cost you time and money.

Also, keep in mind that building a backyard pond this is not just a onetime project.  You will need to then perform maintenances on the pond, turning this project into more of a hobby than a home improvement project.

Here are some guidelines to help you in the planning and installing of your backyard fish pond. 


It is best to use some kind of liner after digging the hole for your fish pond. This will prevent the water, aquatic plants, and fish from escaping.  If water were to continuously seep out of the pond, which would drive up your water bill.  Also, the contents of your pond, the fish and plants, usually can’t survive well on fresh tap water.  The liner will also prevent the nutrients from the soil, as well as the soil itself from entering the pond.  This will help with maintenance.  You will need to monitor the water quality to keep the inhabitants of your pond healthy, and the uncontrolled entry of nutrients from the soil will make that job harder.  The soil would also clog any filters you have; increasing the amount of times you will need to change the filters. 

If you have a small pond, you can use a hard plastic, pre-formed liner.  These come in various shapes and sizes, so you can look for one you like.  For larger ponds, you can use a plastic liner.  Polyvinyl Chloride, called PVC, liners work best.  You can find these in various sheet sizes, and if you cannot get a single sheet big enough to fit your needs, you can fasten two or more together to make a piece big enough for your project.

You can also use cement as a liner for your pond, but this can be much more expensive, especially with the extra labor cost require if you are trying to get a unusual shape. 


Consider where you are going to place your fish pond.  You want to make sure it is not in a runoff area, as you do not want the pond to get flooded when it rains.  The dirty water running into the pond from rain, or even just watering the lawn, will make the work to maintain the pond much more difficult.

If possible, try to install the pond on a little higher section of ground, or raise the edges a little to prevent water from entering the pond. 

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Aquatic plant life, like regular plants, need sun.  Check on the types of plants you are going to put in the pond.  Make sure you are able to provide the right amount of sun and shade.  On the other hand, you don’t want too much sun, because if the pond overheats, it may kill the plants and the fish. 


Try to get a variety of plants in your pond.  If you have fish, they will like to nibble at the plants.  The plants will also absorb the excess nutrients in the water, and will cut down on the growth of algae.  This will make the pond water clear, and will help to cut down on the extra maintenance you will need to perform.

A backyard pond can be done by almost any do it yourselfer, but doing the research and considering all the steps will save you money and time in the long run, as well as make your job easier.