Private Security Management Brings Value to BusinessesBusinesses are always looking for area that will bring the best value possible in all areas within the organization. An important area of focus is in the area of security. The value security brings to a company is important to the survival and containment of vital assets. This essay will show how security brings value by: (a) deterrence of criminal activity, (b) developing policies and procedures, and (c) protection of persons and property. The value security brings to a company is important to the survival and containment of vital assets.
Deterrence of Criminal Activity
Many crimes against companies are committed every minute around the world. 80% of those crimes are against small businesses (Sasser, 1995). No matter how much security a company has in place, it will never be 100% secure (Gigliotti & Jason, 1999). Deterrence is the process to cause a criminal to avoid trouble by the visual sight of security measures of the company. Remember the police cannot be everywhere at all times. For a company to deter criminal activity, the use of several systems and products, such as human and technology, make up the use of security.
Human Protection System
The human use for deterrence is commonly referred to as a security guard. Even though companies use technology to reduce security violations (Fisher & Janoski, 2004), it can never take the place of a human security agent (Ortmeier, 2009). The use of security officers can be in plain or uniformed, for visual recognition, will be an effective way in diverting a criminal for opportunities to commit. It forces the criminal to have to develop a plan of action, or avoid the attempt altogether. Security officers can also go undercover as a janitor or receptionist when needed for suspicions of inside espionage. The value of the human system is an essential in the diversion of any criminal activity.
The advances in security technology are an asset to the protection of a company's assets and there are multiple products available on the market. Technologies such as closed circuit televisions, cameras, alarm systems, ID cards, biometric scanners, and hidden microphones are designed for the very purpose of security. A company usually appoints a human as the security manager or contracts out the position to a company, skilled and educated in the products available, for designing and presenting the different options available. Every product has its pros and cons associated with it and a specialist can analyze the needs, necessities, and security level of a particular company. These technologies are for security in areas that are least occupied by people, blind spots, or in areas important to a company and needs to be under constant surveillance such as hallways, parking lots, and areas of importance to the company. This allows for a record of the incident to assist in any investigation of a crime committed or when a crime is in action, the on-hand security can proceed accordingly. The value of this information collected can be the information which locates and prosecutes an offender.
Developing Policies and Procedures
The development of policies and procedures in the security is a complex and in-depth process that should never be taken lightly. With proper policies and procedures, a company can successfully remain up-to-date on the latest techniques and can be ready for any situation that may arise. This process is ongoing and always changing causing the need for a specialist to analyze and create the best actions available. The importance of policies and procedures are best described by Rodney Peterson (2009) as:
Security Policy is a foundational element in any Security Program. Policy should be developed in conjunction with the priorities of the organization after a Risk Assessment has been performedâ¦ To increase the effectiveness of a minimum standards policy, it must be accompanied with procedures and tools for assessing compliance. (p. 1)
Protection of People and Property
The largest assets to any company are the products and people within the company. A company's secrets, ideas, and proprietary elements are what makes up the company and is what sets the company apart from its competition. Security is the department created to keep everything safe and secure. The people within the company are discussing developments and other highly important information for the company and with the competition, always looking for an edge, espionage or leaks from the inside may be compromised. Especially in troubled times, the opportunities for competition to a company make the chances of espionage more of a risk. Byron Acohido (2009, para. 7) aptly phrased it, "Corporate espionage using very simple tactics -- much of it carried out by trusted insiders, familiar business acquaintances, even janitors -- is surging." Without proper procedures and policies for security and the security department comprised of trained individuals, a company, after attempting to stop a criminal action in progress, may perform the actions wrong and cause another security risk to its employees, such as a hostage situation, making a company have to resort to submission. With the proper reaction drills and security in place the security and safety of the property and employees have a less of a chance of this action to materialize. The value of this protection is the most important reason for the need of security.
Every company should evaluate and analyze how important the security element is to the development and protection of all monetary, proprietary information, secrets, and employees. With the amount of time needed, the amount of risks and technologies advancements, the need for security is a major issue in any business. The value in the need for security supersedes the values of not having any security. When it comes to deterring the criminal elements, creating policies and procedures, and protecting the information, products and employees, the need for a security department is paramount and even detrimental to the future of a company.
1. Acohido, B. (2009). Corporate espionage surges in tough times. Retrieved September 30, 2009, from http://www.newsfactor.com/news/Corporate-Espionage-Is-Surging/story.xhtml?story_id=1110009AXJR3
2. Fisher, R. J., & Janoski, R. (2004). Introduction of security. Burlington, MA: Elsevier.
3. Gigliotti, R., & Jason, R. (1999). Handbook of loss prevention and crime prevention (3rd ed.). Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann.
4. Ortmeier, P. J. (2009). Introduction to security: operations and management (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
5. Petersen, R., & Vogel, V. (2009). Security policies and procedures. Retrieved September 30, 2009, from https://wiki.internet2.edu/confluence/display/secguide/Security+Policies+and+Procedures
6. Sasser, Tanya. "Small businesses are favorite targets of white-collar crime." Houston Business Journal 24.n48 (April 14, 1995): 18(1). General OneFile. Gale. Apollo Library. 30 Sept. 2009
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