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Recognizing the Link between Hypothyroidism and Infertility

By Edited Feb 4, 2016 1 0

Recognizing the Link between Hypothyroidism and Infertility
Hypothyroidism and infertility are intertwined. This traumatizing condition affects both women and men. There’s substantial truth that patients suffering from hypothyroidism are predominantly infertile. However, it is also true that women can still get pregnant despite suffering from the disease. This may come across as a little bit confusing hence the need to closely scrutinize hypothyroidism and infertility.

It’s a well-known fact that the thyroid disease can lead to complications when trying to get pregnant. If left unattended to during pregnancy, it can interfere with the normal development of the pregnancy to some extent. Women having problems conceiving may want to consider a few point listed below if they suspect their inability to get pregnant can be attributed to infertility.

Seek to establish whether any member of your immediate family is or may have suffered from thyroid complications

· Document the intervals your menstrual cycle with an aim of finding out if they are irregular.

· Have you been having unprotected sex for the last four to six months without any positive results?

· Do you have a history of miscarriages?

If your answer to any of the above considerations is an absolute yes, then it’s about time you took a thyroid test to determine if there’s any link between hypothyroidism and infertility. Mostly women will undergo this test after an evaluation by the doctor.

If you’re suffering from hypothyroidism, irregular menstruation cycles and delayed ovulation are the main symptoms. This is due to the fact that there’s no enough time between the two to facilitate conception.

Others symptoms include constipation, fatigue, slower motor and speech function. The disease can also cause cardiac abnormalities, anemia and hypernatremia. Hypothyroidism can lead to Anovulation which is known to cause infertility problems. 

Hypothyroidism and Infertility… Is there is a connection between the two? You may ask. The answer is absolutely yes. It is therefore correct to state that treatment of hypothyroidism or an under-active thyroid if you may is yet another imperative process of seeking to treat infertility. It is not guaranteed that you can restore fertility through thyroid replacement therapy but there is relatively high chance that conception may actually occur. Associated treatments may still be necessary even after treating hypothyroidism.

While the process of treating hypothyroidism may take up to several months close attention from the doctors is still necessary to make sure that optimum thyroid levels are maintained to kick start the body functions to normal levels. 

Why is it Important to Treat Hypothyroidism…. Basically a variation in estrogen levels can affect the thyroid functionality. Upon getting pregnant, dosage levels are greatly altered which can lead to a subsequent change in hormone levels. This is the reason as to why close monitoring is necessary.

It takes up to three or four months for the baby’s thyroid glands to be fully developed and this is largely dependent on the mother’s supply of thyroid hormones. It’s at this stage that the baby is more prone to developmental issues and the mother at the risk of a miscarriage. To make sure that none of this happens, thyroid replacement has to be administered throughout the pregnancy. 

Hypothyroidism Medication… Thyroid hormone medicine is the single most effective way of treating hypothyroidism. In most instances, this medicine does the following:

· Trims down or eradicates the symptoms that are associated with hypothyroidism. Symptoms get better within the first seven days of undergoing the therapy. The symptoms ultimately disappear within the first few months.

· The treatment reduces the risk of slowed physical growth, intellectual disability not to mention behavioral complication in children and infants. 

Patients suffering from hypothyroidism have to be treated with thyroid hormone medicine. The treatment may turn out to be lifelong depending on the cause. Supplements such as calcium and iron may reduce the amount of hormone medicine the body absorbs. For rapid recovery, calcium supplements are taken 4 hours before taking thyroid hormone medicine. It’s important to mention that patients should not take iron supplements together with the thyroid medicine.

Consult your on the need to change the thyroid medicine dose especially if you take birth control pills or other hormones. If you’re under these medications, you may need to take more thyroid hormone medicine as compared to when you were not taking these hormones. There’s a need to visit the doctor regularly to ensure that you stick to the dose strictly. Even after the hormone levels normalize, thyroid function tests are necessary at least once every year.  

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Infertility Treatments…Most treatments aimed at correcting infertility are administered depending on what is causing the infertility. There are natural treatments, drugs and other radical methods that can address infertility. In some instances, physical problems are correct with corrective surgery. A doctor may recommend a combination of more than one treatment methods.

Some natural methods of treating infertility include eating healthy diets, dealing with depression and stress levels, limiting alcohol and caffeine consumption. Use of other traditional practices like acupuncture for fertility levels enhancement is a common practice by a good number of women suffering from infertility. Other treatments include:

· Fertility drugs.

· Artificial insemination.

· Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

· Reproductive Surgery.

· In Vitro Fertilization.

· Donor Embryos.

· Gamate Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)

· Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT)

· Surrogacy.

· Donor Sperms.

Endometriosis and Infertility
Endometriosis and Infertility… Having looked at hypothyroidism and infertility it’s important to look at endometriosis in relation to infertility. It’s in the public domain that infertility can be one of the resultant of endometriosis. Most women with this vexing condition have to grapple with the reality of not being able to bear children.

While this may be distressing, it’s fortunate that not all women who suffer from endometriosis are infertile. If this was the case, birth rates would drop considerably and efforts to get permanent solutions would be intense.

Amusingly, research has found that between 30 to 40 percent of women who go through laparoscopy as part of an infertility evaluation are diagnosed with endometriosis. This is the common trend when women are finally diagnosed with the disease by default. 

Apart from laparoscopy, another factor that has the potential of causing infertility for women with endometriosis is an over production of prostaglandins. These are the hormones that play a major role in fertilization and implantation of the embryo. Over production of this hormone may hamper the process.

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