Recurring yeast infections are common in women all around the world. Almost 5% of women get affected by it. These infections are known to be recurring if they recur around 4 or more times a year. They are most usually the result of Candida Albicans, a certain kind of yeast. Even though many people are unaware of this, yeast cells are always present in the vaginal area along with certain kinds of bacteria that help in preventing the occurrence of infections. It is when this yeast overwhelms these bacteria that the infection develops.
- Certain antibiotics, taken for different purposes, can be a major cause of recurring yeast infections. This is because these antibiotics may cause an imbalance in the amounts of yeast and bacteria present in the vagina by causing the yeast to multiply. The bacteria that is protecting against infections can be killed because of this. The same goes for birth control pills.
- Pregnancy can be another cause. During pregnancy, women usually go through hormonal imbalances. This might cause the imbalance between the yeast and bacteria too.
- Estrogen has been known to trigger recurring yeast infections because it causes the yeast to grow which leads to the condition.
- Certain diseases, like diabetes, cause a reduction in the immune system through either the effects of the diseases or the medicines taken to keep the condition in control. This reduction in the immune system of a person can cause yeast infections.
- Douching is the process of cleaning the vagina. Women who use hygiene sprays and other such things in or near the vagina may be prone to such infections.
- Chemotherapy has also been known to be a cause, as well as certain injuries to the vaginal area.
- A burning sensation in the vaginal area which may cause a lot of pain
- Constant itching in the vagina
- A feeling of pain during sexual intercourse
- Difficulty in urination due to pain felt in the areas where the urine passes through
- Soreness in the vaginal area
- The presence of a white and creamy discharge in the vagina
The most common treatment is to use medical creams in the vagina or consume anti-fungal medicines, depending on what the doctor prescribes. Topical creams such as terazol-terconazole, monistat-miconazole, and lotrimin-clotrimazole may be used for chronic conditions. Such medications are known to usually take care of the infection. However, if the infection is not going away, it is advised that you consult your doctor for proper treatment. Creams are convenient because they can be applied with ease and have no side effects. Pills cannot be taken during pregnancy without consulting a doctor first.
After successfully treating the yeast infection, women should take proper care of hygiene. Light cotton underwear, which is breathable, should be used instead of synthetic fabrics to allow oxygen to reach the vaginal area. The area should also be kept dry, so sweaty underwear and swimsuits should be changed immediately after exercising or swimming. These preventive methods will allow you to put a definite end to recurring yeast infections.