'Europe ruled by kings assisted by nobles and Ecclesiastes, and the first and second estates of medieval society. The cities were controlled by these men instead of the merchants and traders of the city. Italy had a rich culture of trade and commerce, and around the 11th Century, began demanding their own government. The cities in which the people of the towns insisted on their share of the governments, called themselves "communes". These communes no longer had nobles or churchmen in power.' (Part Two: The Context of the Renaissance, Chap 4 ITALIAN COMMUNES AND CITY-STATES, c.1300)

During this time, there became quite a bit of civil unrest, with the wars and fighting depleting the financial resources as well as the population of Italy. Rioting began as the cities started to rebel for their rights against the feudal landholders. They wanted to have their own government and taxation and not be under the rule of the wealthy landholders. The problem they faced was whether they could acquire the wealth they needed to become independent. Some areas began to achieve success by taking control of the areas around them and expanding their power. The lands around the cities were acquired by the "grandi", land holding nobles, and the rural noble areas were taken by the "contandine". Once they have achieved power, they began to fight, which was when vendetta's or political arguments began to ensue. As they got caught up in their own squabbles, they were no longer aware of what was going on around them and they lost their power.

City-States became elected states, and the non-noble, working class came into power of the City-States and become Communes. The cities then were Despot ruled, and bringing the Italians way ahead of the rest of Europe. They were now masters in the art of diplomacy, espionage, and manipulating their way into power. This opened the way for the arts, education, trading, merchants, and overall growth of the area and attracted the attention of Europe. Europe took a closer look and took what they felt was the best and applied it to their own governments.