Every home will eventually end up with some sort of damage to the walls, at some point in it's life. This article will walk the average homeowner through the inevitable task of repairing a hole in a sheetrock wall.
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Things You Will NeedTools
needed to perform this job are very minimal. A sheetrack pan and trowel to spread compound with, a screwgun and a basic utuility knife. Sandpaper will be needed to finish the repair.
First locate piece of sheetrock, large enough to make the repair. This patch should be square and a few inches larger then the hole itself. Place the patch over the hole and with a pencil, draw the outline of the patch. Remove the repair piece and cut out the wall, where it's been marked. This will make an opening that will accept the patch that was just traced.
Next install backing boards. These should be strips of wood, at least 4 inches longer then the patch. This will allow them to be screwed in through the walls, from the front. Holding the wood inside the wall pulled up against the sheetrock, use screws that are long enough to make it through the existing wall and into wood braces. screws should penetrate wood backing boards, at least three quarters of an inch.
The patch is then inserted in the opening over the braces and screwed securely through the front. The screws must be sunk deep enough into the sheetrock to prevent the heads from protruding. This will upset the trowel as the finish is applied. Once the patch is secure, the job is ready for finishing.
Apply a good quarter inch coat of sheetrock compound to the seams. This coat can be applied rapidly and extra thick, as most of it will be coming off anyway. Now apply strips of paper sheetrock tape,
Once tape has been applied, draw the trowel across the repair, with enough pressure to embed the tape into the coat of mud that was previously laid in. Now apply an additional coat over the tape, make sure the tape is completely covered. Scrape extra mud with the trowel, until the joints are smooth and allow to dry. This can take several hours to a day, depending on conditions such as temperature and humidity levels.
After the first coat is completely dry, a couple more thin coats, will finish the job. Sandpaper can be used to finish the project for painting. 100 grit sandpaper is fine for the job and will provide a smooth surface. A good rule of thumb is if the repair can be felt, it will probably be seen and more coats could be needed. Sanding between coats sometimes makes it easier to smooth each application.
The homeowner can easily accomplish this type of repair without assistance. Any way to save money today is always welcome. Ceilings can be repaired in this way as well. The tools and supplies are readily available at most home improvement stores. Cost can be a small fraction of hiring a contractor to do this kind of repair.
Tips & Warnings
As with any home improvement job, there are standard precautions that should be taken. Safety glasses are always recomended. Sheetrock knives can make a nasty cut in a second. Gloves should be worn and extreme caution used when working with this type of tool.