Employers are strictly prohibited from performing discrimination when making employment decisions. However, statistics from the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) show that many employees are still being discriminated in the workplace.
EEOC is a federal agency that is in charge of implementing Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Under this law, the following types of discrimination are prohibited in the workplace:
Age discrimination occurs when an employee is treated unfairly because of his age. Under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), people who are 40-years-old and above cannot be demoted, denied of employment, or subjected to other unlawful acts because of their age.
Covered employers are prohibited from choosing a younger employee over an older one if the latter is more qualified.
EEOC received around 24, 582 age discrimination charges in FY 2008 alone. The agency succeeded in resolving 21,415 cases and was able to recover $82.8 million, which was then provided to the actual victims and charging parties.
Disability discrimination happens when a disabled qualified employee was treated unfairly due to his condition. Both Title VII and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibit discrimination based on disability.
Employers will be seen guilty of this violation if they have treated an employee less favorably or unfairly because he is suffering or has suffered from a disability. They are prohibited from performing it against an employee whom they believe is suffering from a mental or physical impairment, which is not minor and transitory.
Reasonable care should be provided to disabled workers and applicants. However, employers will not be required to provide it if doing so would cause "undue hardship" to the company.
The number of people who are filing disability discrimination complaints is slightly lower compared to those who are filing age discrimination charges. According to statistics, around 19,453 disability discrimination charges were filed with EEOC in FY 2008 alone.
Employers are required to respect their employee's religion. They are prohibited from treating an employee unfavorably due to his religious beliefs.
Religious discrimination also happens when an employee is treated differently or isolated because of his association or marriage to a person who belongs in a particular religion or his association to a religious group or organization.
Religious discrimination occurs less often, unlike the other types of discrimination. In fact, statistics show that only 3,273 religious discrimination charges were filed with EEOC in FY 2008.