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Significance of Hungary's Language, Magyar

By Edited Nov 13, 2013 2 8

Hungary is a mostly flat country that is landlocked in Europe. Its neighbors are Austria, Croatia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Ukraine. It is home to Lake Balaton, the largest lake in central Europe and a very popular tourist attraction.

Magyar tribes, who moved into the Carpathian Basin in 896, are the descendants of ethnic Hungarians. This demonstrates the imperative of the tribes influence on the language spoken. The official language that is spoken by about eleven million inhabitants in Hungary is Magyar (pronounced /Mawdyar/). Furthermore, there are additional "four million humans in neighboring countries and a million others scattered around the world"1 that speak the lanugage. Magyar is a very unique language; the one that has the closest ties to it is Finnish. Thus, it belongs to the Finno-Ugric language family, which includes Finnish and Estonian, which has several obscure languages spoken in Siberia as its closest relatives.

Magyar is related to Mansi, an "Ob-Ugric group (eastern Uralic) of the Ugric branch of the Finno-Ugric languages belonging together with the Samoyedic languages to the Ural language family."2 The ethnic native speakers live in Khanty-Mansiysk autonomous territory, partially in the Yamal-Nenets autonomous terriitory and the Tyumen region, some Russianized Mansi families, the descendants of Tavda Mansi live in Sverdlovsk region. Magyar is also related to Khanty, the other Ob-Ugric language that is spoken in the Ob valley of western Siberia. The common features of the above-mentioned languages are include: predicative declension of substantives, reflection of a plural object in the verb structure, and addition of a redundant element in the expression of tempus,

Countries that have people speaking Indo-European languages (e.g. French, Russian and Hindi) surrounds Hungary, yet they don't have any relationship to Finno-Ugric languages. Both groups have vast difference of both vocabulary and grammar.

Agglutinative language, which Magyar is, relies heavily on suffixes and prefixes. Their grammar doesn't involve the usage of gender pronouns; it is viewed as a very complex language to study. The nouns can possibly have up to 238 different forms. In regards to the alphabet, Magyar does use the Roman version and it enables novices that speak an Indo-European language easily read Hungarian after learning just a few easy rules.

Magyar has distant ties to the Turkic, Mongolian and some minor Asian languages. Yet, it doesn't resemble any of those language to a distinctive degree. Magyar is a highly inflected language that utilizes diacritics, which are tiny markings such as the cedilla of façade or the acute accent of resumé, to help out with both the pronunciation of words and emphasis of different syllables in words. These symbols are ordered to follow their respective standard vowels. "Each word is written exactly as it is pronounced, and vice versa."3 Thus, the Hungarian language is consider a logical one.

Read about beautiful sights to see in Budapest
Citations:

1Rubin, Aaron. "Hungarian Language Course." 18 4 2010 http://www.personal.psu.edu/adr10/hungarian.html

2none. "Endangered Languages of Siberia - The Mansi language" 18 4 2010 http://lingsib.iea.ras.ru/en/languages/mansi.shtml

3Hone, E. Wade. Hungary's Language l ProGenealogists - Hungary. 18 4 2010 http://www.progenealogists.com/hungary/language.htm


References:

Ager, Simon. Hungarian language, alphabet and pronounciation . 1998. 18 4 2010 http://www.omniglot.com/writing/hungarian.htm

Filchenko, Andray. Khanty Language. 28 12 1999. 18 4 2010 http://www.policy.hu/filtchenko/khanty_language.htm

Hone, E. Wade. Hungary's Language l ProGenealogists - Hungary. 2002. 18 4 2010 http://www.progenealogists.com/hungary/language.htm

none. BBC News - Hungary country profile. 27 4 2010. 3 5 2010

none. Endangered Languages of Siberia - The Mansi language. 2005. 18 4 2010 http://lingsib.iea.ras.ru/en/languages/mansi.shtml

none. European Countries - Hungary. none. 3 5 2010 http://europa.eu/abc/european_countries/eu_members/hungary/index_en.htm

Rubin, Aaron. Hungarian Language Course. 27 1 1996. 18 4 2010 http://www.personal.psu.edu/adr10/hungarian.html


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Comments

Sep 1, 2010 8:02pm
Deborah-Diane
Thank you for the very interesting explanation of the Hungarian language. Fascinating!
Sep 2, 2010 10:25pm
freedomw
Thank you Deborah-Diane for reading and commenting on my article
Sep 12, 2010 11:54am
CivChild
Interesting piece! I took Linguistics at one point in college, and since then I've found the Historical contexts of languages fascinating.
Sep 12, 2010 6:59pm
freedomw
Thank you CivChild for reading and commenting on my article.
Sep 28, 2010 5:26pm
LoveSpaces
Wow - very nice article - I was also considering writing it - when I saw it in the ToDo list also because I am half Hungarian as my mother is Hungarian. And even I do not know very well the language (for some family political reasons I wasn't taught this language in my infancy!) I understand it a little bit and studied it for a little while later in my youth. It is indeed a very uncommon one in this area.
Oct 1, 2010 2:29am
freedomw
Thank you LoveSpaces for reading and commenting on my article. I do hope you will write an overview on Romania so I can have an interlink to it from here.
Oct 1, 2010 4:31am
LoveSpaces
You're welcome freedomw. I already wrote it so you can go on and interlink it.
Oct 6, 2010 4:35pm
freedomw
I like the article, LoveSpaces. Quite informative. I'm looking forward to read more about it whenever you have more to share.
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