Type 1 Diabetes
Nearly 10 percent of diabetes sufferers have Type I, the most serious of the three kinds of diabetes. This type is an autoimmune disease, which means the person’s body destroys its own ability to form insulin by rendering the pancreas unable to make the insulin cells. That means Type I victims must take insulin shots every day. It is usually diagnosed in children or younger people, but other ages can get it as well.
Type 2 Diabetes
Nearly all diabetes sufferers have Type II diabetes. It is diagnosed the most often in people 40 years old and older, and many of these are also overweight. The outbreak of obesity in the world is causing this disease to appear earlier in life than in the past. People who have Type II diabetes may make insulin, but for some reason it doesn’t work right. This makes them suffer from insulin resistance. In time, they may also have to take insulin medications.
Gestational diabetes happens during a woman’s pregnancy, especially if she is overweight or has a family history of diabetes. It also attacks African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans the most often. It usually goes away after the woman has the baby, but it also shows that she may come down with another form of more permanent diabetes later in life.
Symptoms of diabetes
No matter which kind of diabetes a person has, the symptoms are similar. Here are the symptoms of diabetes that you should be aware of:
- Having to urinate all the time
- Being thirsty all the time
- Losing weight for no reason
- Being hungry all the time
- Sudden changes in eyesight
- Tingling feelings or feelings of numbness in a person’s hands or feet
- Being extremely fatigued all of the time
- Having extremely dry skin
- Having slow healing sores
- Having lots more infections than usual
A person with diabetes doesn’t have to show every one of these symptoms, and if they have any they should talk to their doctors. The scary thing is that nearly half of all diabetes victims may not even show symptoms at all and don’t even know they are afflicted.
Diabetes treatment will depend on what kind of diabetes the person has and if they also have other issues or complications. It also depends on their age and health at the time they are found to have a form of diabetes. There will be changes needed in lifestyle, possible food restrictions, and methods to control the blood sugar, and more. The doctor will balance all of these treatments and if needed, the person will also have to take either pills or shots so they can get the insulin their body needs to survive. There are several types of medication besides insulin that some patients are also given depending on their particular version of diabetes.