Treatment and prevention of urinary tract infections
Lower urinary tract infections can be treated using a three to seven day course of antibiotics. Trimethoprim is often the antibiotic of choice in such cases. Side effects of Trimethoprim is uncommon but some patients to experience nausea, vomiting, skin rash and itchy skin. Patients who experience symptoms such as abdominal pain may wish take over the counter painkillers such as Ibruprofen. Patients who have been diagnosed with an upper urinary tract infection will normally be prescribed Co-amoxiclav or Ciprofloxacin for seven to fourteen day. However, it should be noted that pregnant women should not be given either of these two and should be given Cefalexin which is safe during pregnancy. These antibiotics can drowsiness and the patients should be informed to avoid driving or using complex or heavy machinery. Patients wishing to take over the counter medication to relieve themselves of pain who are suffering from an upper urinary tract infection should avoid Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory drugs such as Aspirin and Ibruprofen because they can causes the development kidney complications and should therefore seek an alternative such as Paracetamol.
Patients who experience urinary tract infections should be advised to drink plenty of water in order to relieve any fever and prevent them from becoming dehydrated. There is also some evidence which shows that cranberry juice may help treat urinary tract infections and may even prevent infections from occurring in the first place. Women who are experiencing regular infection may be warned of some of the risk factors associated with urinary traction infections, these include, new sexual partners, frequent sexual intercourse and the use of spermicide.