Still, Texas has developed an identity that incorporates each of these nationalities. Here are the six flags of the nations that have each contributed grandly to Texas tradition and history.
Kingdom of Spain
Spain’s colonization efforts were concentrated in other parts of the New World, however, Though they continued to explore the area now known as Texas, it would be another 100 years before they established a permanent settlement in the West Texas town of El Paso.
Spain went on to construct numerous missions and establish many towns. Their introduction of the Roman Catholic faith still has serious implications in the culture and mores of Texas today.
Kingdom of France
Still, what the Spanish could not accomplish, disease, famine and hostile Indians did. The accumulated pressures caused an internal battle between de la Salle and his crew and he was murdered in 1687. The outpost did not prosper without him and it was finally abandoned a few years later.
A series of poor political decisions by the Mexican dictator, Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón, resulted in an uprising by the Texian settlers. The matter would be settled in the Texians favor when they won the Battle of San Jacinto just east of present day Houston. The famous Battle of the Alamo occurred in this war.
Republic of Texas
With the new flag came new responsibilities and for ten years, the fledgling Republic of Texas faced crisis after crisis including many border clashes with a still hostile Mexican government. Many of the grievances formed during these years would lead, after the admission of Texas to the Union, to the Mexican-American War.
It was during this period that many of the defining characteristics of Texas were formed. The King Ranch, still one of the largest in the world, gave rise to the American cowboy and the renowned law enforcement agency the Texas Rangers were also born in this era. It was era of resourcefulness and self-reliance; two qualities which are still very much in evidence in Texas today.
United States of America
The annexation of Texas was “the straw that broke the camel’s back” for Mexico and she rescinded all diplomatic relations with the U.S. A minor engagement between a 2,000 man Mexican contingent and a 63 man American patrol started the “hot“ war. It was the last engagement to fought on U.S. soil int eh Mexican -American War.
Subsequent years saw Texas prosper from its large natural resources including oil, cotton and beef. Today, Texas is the proud home of almost 26 million people from almost every nationality in the world. Its largest city, Houston, may be the most polyglot on the planet with over 200 distinct languages spoken there.
In addition, its economy is staggeringly large. If it were an independent country, as many Texans fervently wish for, it would have the 15th largest economy in the world. Texas is also the largest exporter of goods to countries outside the U.S. with over $100 billion in annual trade.
Confederate States of America
The war only lasted four years and Texas did not suffer terribly during it. The subsequent years, during Reconstruction, saw Texas suffer for its past transgressions.
In short, the state with the “third coast” is a financial and cultural powerhouse that equals and, in some cases, surpasses the attributes of its more well-known rivals on the east and west coasts of America. The time for Texas is now.