There are several reasons to be looking for another job; you could already be employed but don't like your present job, you could be unemployed and need to get occupied again, or you could be employed and simply looking to see if there is something out there that you would enjoy more or that pays better. Whatever your reasons may be, while job hunting there are a number of things that can make the difference between been successful or not:
1) Put the time into it:
You need to dedicate time to your search. Your dream job is not going to pop up out of nowhere. Well, maybe if you're lucky enough it will, but this is not the case for most people, so take your time looking for options and doing the things you have to do. Especially if you are unemployed and need a job as soon as possible, your job search should be considered a full time activity. If you are already employed you can afford to not spend that much time searching, but take into account that you are probably going to be more picky, so finding that ideal position you are looking for is going to be that much more difficult; your search will probably need the extra time.
2) Apply only for positions you are qualified for:
It sounds obvious, but sometimes it may not be that clear. Say your highest level of education is a high school diploma. You would not apply for a job as a doctor at the hospital around the corner from your house just because its location is convenient, would you? For the same reason, even if it isn't as obvious, you should not apply for a position as a head baker after two moths of apprenticeship at a bakery. It may seem counter intuitive, as logic would perhaps indicate that applying to more jobs is going to make it more likely to find employment, but it isn't so; you are wasting time while you could be using it to apply for jobs that you actually have a chance of getting. Also, how long do you think you could bluff your way through the job before they realized you didn't know what you are doing in the case you actually got it?
3) Get qualified:
OK, so you've come to realize that you are not qualified for that job you really want, and that's why you're not getting hired no matter how many applications you send out (read point number two). Happily, the solution couldn't be easier: Get qualified!! It's never too late to go back to school, and, in most occasions, you are not going to need a whole new degree to get that position you want. You'll probably just need a short course. Even if you do need a new degree, and we are talking about a major shift in your career if you do; if it's the position you really want, you should go ahead and get it.
But what if your ideal job is being a lawyer and you need to work immediately to support yourself? Well, find another job, and study while you're working, it will be a lot of extra effort and sacrifice, but it will be worth it at the end. If it sounds like it's going to be too much bother, think of another job; you are probably not that interested anyway if you are not willing to put the effort in.
4) Be everywhere:
There are many resources out there to enable you to find a job. You have to use all of them to be more successful. You have to go online and use every site available. Depending on what country you're in, the most popular may be Monster or Infojobs or any other one, but it is not enough to limit yourself to only that one site; there are many more. Look for them, a simple Google search will provide the answer. If an Internet search does not provide you with the answer, talk to people, someone will be able to inform you.
Look in the local newspapers, they always carry classified ads offering jobs. If you are low on resources and don't want to invest in newspapers, look for the free ones. Every major city has free newspapers, lots of times specifically for job seekers.
Target companies directly. If there is a position you want, don't wait for it to be advertised; send your résumé directly to that company's human resources department. Walk the streets; lots of times you can't just walk into a big company with your résumé and expect someone to see to you, but with smaller companies it is often the best way to do it, as this will put a face to the candidate and show interest on your part.
And, finally, but not for that least important, visit your local job centre. That is what they are there for. They will have counsellors and other resources available for you, as well as postings of job offers you can see.
5) Have a good résumé:
It seems obvious, but there are terrible résumés being sent to companies every day. I don't mean bad as in lack of experience or education; as far as your targeting positions for which your experience and education is adequate, this doesn't matter. I mean bad as in hand-written, poorly laid out, boring, unattractive, uninteresting, etc. I am not going to go into detail about how a good one should be written, because that varies from country to country, it also varies for different industries and for different positions within a single company. But there are several things that remain constant everywhere: A résumé should be clear, informative and attractive.
If you don't know how to write a work history that fits that description, there are plenty of models on the internet that you can base yours on, and a lot of resources available online to help you. Use them. Another good way to improve your résumé is talking to those people that you know who seem to always do well in their job searches or are well positioned in the job that they wanted; they probably had to have a good cv to get there. Ask them if you can see it to improve yours. This last bit of advice can cover other areas of your job search as well. They can probably help you find good job sites on the internet and give you advise on where to get qualified if they have a position similar to the one you want.
6) Be confident:
Be confident in every step of the process. If you're confident that you'll find the job that you want, you won't mind putting in the time and effort required to find it. It will show in your résumé, making you stand out from other candidates. It will give you that extra spark at interviews. And it will give you the push you need to succeed. Having confidence will help you in every aspect of your life, not just in job hunting, so, if you are not a confident person, change that. If you are insecure you will constantly undersell yourself and there is few bigger disservices you could offer yourself.
Good luck with your search!
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