Knowing how to look after your skin is important, with a little understanding and the right skin care treatment you can have healthy glowing skin that is free from blemishes and premature wrinkles. The first step to looking after your skin is to understand your skin. The skin is made up of two main layers, the epidermis and the dermis.

The epidermis is the top layer of skin, the one that is visible; it helps to protect your body from infection and seals in moisture. The make up of the epidermis is a build up of several layers of living cells, which are covered, by layers of dead cells. Your skin is always growing new cells and as the layers of dead cells fall away through everyday activity and washing they are replaced by the newer living cells which will die quickly once exposed. The epidermis can vary in thickness depending on the area of the body. This process of cells is what makes the skin appear to glow as the old cells are removed to expose the new healthy living cells underneath.

The dermis lies underneath the epidermis and is made up of living cells only. The dermis is responsible for the elasticity of the skin as is what make your skin firm. Unlike the epidermis, which is constantly in the process of regrowth, the dermis can be permanently damaged; this can happen through injuries like deep cuts etc. The dermis also holds the sebaceous glands, which produce sebum, the skins natural lubricant.

Skin Care Treatment - Looking After Your Skin

Many things from lack of sleep to a poor diet, stress and smoking can affect your skins appearance. By looking after your diet and ensuring that you are eating balanced meals everyday and drinking plenty of water you can greatly improve the condition of your skin. Getting enough sleep can also have a beneficial effect on your skins appearance.

If you want healthy looking skin that glows you need to look after your body, stress can also be a factor that affects your skin.

Skin Types

Oily Skin - oily skin can be a problem for many people and is a common cause of acne due to open pores and the overproduction of sebum. Although oily skin can be responsible for blackheads and pimples the added sebum has some benefit keeping the elasticity of your skin and helping your skin to remain younger looking for longer.

Skin care treatment for oily skin - Oily skin should be treated gently as harsh treatment or over treatment will actually cause the skin to produce even more sebum aggravating the problem. The best products to use for oily skin are gentle or natural facial cleansers and light moisturizers.

Dry Skin - A dry complexion can make your skin feel too tight and is caused by too little sebum being produced. Severe dry skin conditions can cause premature wrinkles and lines, flaking and itching.

Skin care treatment for dry skin - Dry skin can be badly affected by overuse of soap and toners which both have a tendency to dry the skin even more. Heat and harsh sunlight (and sunbathing) can all have a negative effect on already dry skin. Similarly to oily skin, dry skin should be treated with an oil-based moisturizer, remembering to use it sparingly, too much can cause skin irritation.

Combination Skin - Special attention needs to be paid to combination skin, as this skin type tends to have patches of dry skin as well as patches of oily skin. Usually anyone with this skin type will find that they have an oily T-zone with other areas becoming dry and flaky.

Skin care treatment for combination skin - the best approach for this skin type is to carefully combine the two different methods for dry and oily skin, using an oil based moisturizer for the dry areas and a gentle cleanser and light moisturizer for the oily areas. Although this may be time consuming with practice this method will become routine to you and when done properly can result in a balanced skin type with a healthy glow.

Sensitive Skin - If you have sensitive skin you need to be particularly careful about what skin care treatments and products you use on your face. Sensitive skin is prone to allergies and redness and many products have a tendency to irritate people with this skin type.

Skin care treatment for sensitive skin - for this skin type you should use hypoallergenic skin care products and products that are fragrance free. Do not use facial washes or soap on sensitive skin, instead opt for light, hypoallergenic cleansers and natural moisturizers.

Knowing how to look after your skin and knowing which skin type you are will help you to achieve a healthier appearance and will also help to keep fine lines and wrinkles at bay for longer. Proper skin care treatment can be done at home without the need to spend a fortune of skin care products and treatments.