In the 20th century, the country that was known to be the world's unquestionable skyscraper capital was the United States of America. U.S. cities like Los Angeles, Chicago, New York City, San Francisco, and other main cities were regarded as the crown of steel and glass architecture, making the other cities around the world far behind after the nation's diligent vertical development in the skies. In the 21st century, however, some of the transpiring cities of other countries are vying and even outshining the distinguished metropolises in the U.S. in terms of upright structural design. Shanghai, Dubai, Beijing and Istanbul's skylines are continuously expanding enormously. Due to the fiscal growth of the mentioned cities, they are now financing more contemporary and towering skyscrapers.
History of Skyscrapers
Up-to-the-minute edifices or buildings and habitually used motorized equipment like elevators and water pumps are constructed with materials like resistant granite and concrete, glass, and steel. More than six storeys of buildings were uncommon before 19th century with more stairs to climb, making it unreasonable for the occupants. Furthermore, the pressure of water was typically not enough to provide running water higher than 164 feet.
In the early periods, the tallest structure was the Great Pyramid of Giza located in Egypt. It was 479 feet in height and was constructed in 26th century B.C. The stature was never outdone for so many years until 14th century A.D., the period when Lincoln Cathedral was built. Its stature was not outshined until the year 1884 when Washington Monument was put up.
From the year 1930 and beyond, edifices have started to emerge in Asia and Latin America. The minute the World War II ended, the Soviet Union designed eight gigantic buildings hailed as Stalin Towers, and the remaining 7 were constructed sooner or later. Likewise, the other places in Europe gradually started to allow buildings in 1950s. Conclusively, the buildings were also put up in metropolises of Oceania, Africa and Middle East in late 1950s.
World Famous Skyscrapers
- Bank of China Tower (Hong Kong)
- Petronas Tower (Malaysia)
- Chrysler Building (New York City)
- Taipei 101 (Taiwan)
- Empire State Building (New York City)
- Sears Tower (Chicago, Illinois)
- Jin Mao Building (China)
- Burj Khalifa (Dubai, UAE)
- International Commerce Centre (Hong Kong)
- Woolworth Building (New York City)
- Shanghai World Financial Center (China)
- Kingdom Centre (Saudi Arabia)
- John Hancock Center (Chicago, Illinois)
- Central Plaza (Hong Kong)
Skyscrapers under Construction
- Lotte Super Tower 123 (South Korea)
- Digital Media City Landmark Building (South Korea)
- Shanghai Tower Shanghai (China)
- 151 Incheon Tower Incheon (South Korea)
- Abraj Al-Bait Towers (Saudi Arabia)
- Busan Lotte World (South Korea)
- Chicago Spire (Chicago, Illinois)
- 1 World Trade Center (New York City)
- PVN Tower (Vietnam)
- India Tower (India)
- World One (India)
- Port Tower (Pakistan)
- Tour Generali (Paris)
- Shard of Glass (London)
Burj Khalifa or Burj Dubai (the name given before it was launched) is a building found in Dubai, UAE. It is currently the tallest skyscraper in the world that was ever constructed, with 2,717 feet in height. The construction started on September 21, 2004 and was finished on October 1, 2009. Burj Khalifa was formally opened on January 4, 2010, and now becomes a part of the recent 490-acre (2 km2) flagship development named as Downtown Dubai which is located alongside Sheik Zayed Road in the vicinity of the main business district of Dubai.