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Social Psychology

By Edited Apr 5, 2016 2 2

Social psychology is the scientific study of how people think about, influence, and relate to one another. The covered subjects are pretty numerous so here are presented just some of the topics of social psychology: Prejudice, Discrimination, and Diversity (Racism and Other Race-Related Issues, Gender Discrimination, and Feminism, Anti-Semitism and Holocaust Information, Disability and Discrimination, Diversity and Multiculturalism), The Psychology of Gender, Cultural Psychology, Social Influence (Attitudes and Social Cognition, Persuasion and Propaganda, Marketing and Selling, Social Marketing, Advertising, Cults and Social Control, Social Influence Counter-Measures), Interpersonal Relations (Romance and Attraction, Matchmaking and Personal Ads, Social Networking, Sexuality and Sex Research, Divorce, Family Relations, Nonverbal Communication), Group Behavior, Violence, Conflict Resolution, and Peace; Prosocial Behavior (Helping, Giving, and Volunteerism; Social Activism).

Social psychology is about learning the interactions between groups and individuals. Generally, the academics in this interdisciplinary field are either sociologists or psychologists, although social psychologists make use of the group and individual as their analysis units.

Regardless of the resemblance, both the sociological and psychological researchers have a tendency to become different in their styles, expressions, objectives, and means. In addition, they prefer distinct professional groups and academic journals. The utmost collaboration period among sociologists as well as psychologists was throughout the years after the Second World War. While there was a growing specialism and separation in the latest years, a certain level of influence and convergence continues between both disciplines.

Except for today's sociologists, social psychology in its primitive days fought to be acknowledged as a social science. William McDougall was among the first psychologists to handle it directly. Present-day social psychology is described by an essential devotion to the investigational technique. Although the American texts took over the journals in this field, attempts were made in order to maintain its equilibrium through the publishing of an European standpoint.

Psychologists studying social psychology show their interest in subject matters like social cognition, social influence, interpersonal behaviors (aggression and altruism), and cognitive dissonance. There are three powerful periodicals to publish this field's study, and these are Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, and Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Likewise, there are a lot of specialized and universal journals of social psychology.

The work of sociologists involves a better concentration on the group's actions, studying such occurrences as exchanges and communications at micro-level, groups at macro-level, and group development and group dynamics. Sociologists are engrossed in group and individual, but usually in the circumstance of bigger processes and social formations like race, gender, society, social roles, socialization, and class. They make use of a combined quantitative methods as well as qualitative research plans like surveys and sampling procedures.

Furthermore, sociologists in social psychology field are pay attention to a range of cultural, demographic, and social events. A number of their chief areas of study are group dynamics, social identity, social inequality, symbolic interactionism, socialization, and social change. The Social Psychology Quarterly is their main sociological publication.

Humor and Attraction Study in Social Psychology

Our funny side allows us to bond with other people. In addition to that, it is something that's transmittable, so the more you bring hilarity, the more you help the people who surround you to show their funny side as well, making them appreciate its importance. Lifting up their moods can lessen their level of anxiety and make the nature of interacting socially with them even better. It lessens your level of stress, too.

As for attraction, everyone gets fascinated to people who are physically attractive, and our understanding of the word 'attraction' varies between societies. The observer's traits, as well as the traits of the one being examined, are also factors of a pleasant appearance. An example is if you are liked more, then you are perceived as more beautiful in the physical aspect. Physical desirability results to more fondness, and coming from evolutionary standpoint, the difference in gender in the significance of physical beauty is elucidated through parental quality differences for both sexes.

Moreover, communication strengthens fondness as it aids us in understanding everything that surrounds us. Interacting with someone helps us feel that we are united, therefore improving our awareness. Then again, if communicating with someone is pessimistic, then it would result to less attraction. Also, likeness or resemblance makes attraction possible for the reason that we communicate with those similar to us; we believe that those people like us as well, and that they agree with our thoughts and principles. Likeness, communication, and fondness equally support one another, resulting to a stronger and deeper relationship sooner or later.

Social interactions in the 8 stages of human development

Social psychology address the very important aspect of social interractions in the human development. Here are the main characteristics regarding Erikson's 8 stages of human development where the evolution of social interactions at each stage is highlighted:





Social interaction

1. Oral Sensory

Birth to 12 to 18 months

Trust vs. Mistrust


The infant must form a first loving, trusting relationship (bond) with the caregiver, or develop a sense of mistrust.

2. Muscular-Anal

18 months
to 3 years

Autonomy vs.

Toilet training

The child's energies are directed toward the development of physical skills, including walking, grasping, and rectal sphincter control. The child learns control but may develop shame and doubt if not handled well.

3. Locomotor

3 to 6 years

Initiative vs.


The child continues to become more assertive and to take more initiative, but may be too forceful, leading to guilt feelings.

4. Latency

6 to 12 years

Industry vs. Inferiority


The child must deal with demands to learn new skills or risk a sense of inferiority, failure, and incompetence.

5. Adolescence

12 to 18 years

Identity vs.
Role confusion

Peer relation-ships

The teenager must achieve a sense of identity in occupation, sex roles, politics, and religion.

6. Young Adulthood

19 to 40 years

Intimacy vs.

Love relation-ships

The young adult must develop intimate relationships or suffer feelings of isolation.

7. Middle Adulthood

40 to 65 years

Generativity vs. Stagnation


Each adult must find some way to satisfy and support the next generation.

8. Maturity

65 to death

Ego Integrity vs. Despair

Reflection on and acceptance of one's life

The culmination is a sense of oneself as one is, and of feeling fulfilled.



Mar 24, 2012 9:45am
very useful .Send and recommend it for every mother and father.
Apr 17, 2012 6:33pm
Wow--What a great articler and more, what a great writing job. Congradualtions! Can't wait to see more!!!
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