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Soviet Helmets During World War II

By Edited Nov 13, 2013 0 0

Helmets have long been a part of the soldier’s combat gear. In fact helmets are one of the oldest types of protective equipment used on fields of war dating back to ancient times. A combat helmet or battle helmet is a type of head gear that is designed specifically to protect the head during combat. 

World War II or the Great War as it is also known as has supplied collectors with many types of militia war relics from artillery to combat gear and more. Soviet helmets during World War II have become quite a collectible military item. In fact all war relics of World War II have become a collector’s find. The soviet helmets during World War II are fairly rare and not always found in good condition so they may have to be restored. 

Restoring Soviet World War II helmets is simply a matter of soaking the helmet in soapy water, spraying areas you want to clean with limestone remover and then drying it off.

Soviet helmets during World War II were used for camouflage techniques as well as to protect the soldier from head injuries. Helmets had leather or cloth chinstraps and often a Russian trademark of a sickle or a Russian bear on the inside.

One of the best war relics are Soviet helmets during World War II. Over the course of World War II the Soviet Union use three main helmet designs which were the M-36, the SSh-39, and the SSh-40. Standard procedure in the manufacturing of the helmets was to stamp the size, location, and year of manufacturing on the interior of the Soviet helmets during World War II.

M-36 Soviet War Helmet

Aleksandr Shvarts designed the The M model 36 Soviet helmet and it was first produced in 1936.  It had a large front rim and wide covering over the ear area that provided the wearer with good protection. It was designed after the German helmet model M35.  It was a form fitting helmet.

In order to provide ventilation for The M-36 helmet, it had a comb built into it. The earliest models of the M-36 had leather liners and leather chin straps but that was changed into cloth liners and chin straps due to the leather not holding up. The M-36 helmet was produced in four sizes of small, medium, large, and extra large.

The M-36 was worn by Soviet soldiers during the late 1930s and 1940s but production was ended in 1941. It is a real collectors’ find to own a M-36 helmet and it would cost you a pretty penny to acquire one. Production of the M-36 ended in 1941. Today it is a rare and expensive item for its collectors.

SSh-39 Soviet War Helmet

Ssh39 helmet was produced from 1939 to 1941. The Ssh stands for stalnoy shlyem or steel helmet and had a simple design to it. It became the standard in Soviet helmets during World War II and for many years following with only minor adjustments.

There were three factories where the helmet was manufactured. The ink stamp in the helmet would designate which factory either CT for Stalingrad Tractor Factory, 3KO for the Red October Factory also in Stalingrad or LMZ for the Lysva Metallurgical Factory.

SSh-40 Soviet War Helmet

The Ssh40 helmet was basically like the SSh-39. Externally the only difference was that it has six rivets at the bottom of the helmet due to a new liner that was sturdier. The newly designed liner had cloth or oilcloth pads connected to a cotton drawstring to be able to adjust sizes.

The chinstrap of the SSh-40 helmet was cloth and had a 3 point chinstrap system that was introduced during World War II. The chinstrap ends were connected with a slip buckle. The SSh-40 helmet was only made in three sizes, 1-3.

World War II left behind many battlefield war relics and Soviet helmets during World War II are some of best collector’s items of the war. Old World War II helmets can be found online or at auction sites such as Ebay. If you are looking for World War II helmets you will enjoy researching information on line about the different styles of combat helmets. There are plenty of sites where you can find helmets for sale and hobbyists who get together to help identify finds and offer more information on collecting Soviet helmets during World War II.

Collecting World War II memorabilia has become quite a popular hobby. There are many groups associated with collecting World War II relics such as soviet helmets. It is very hard to tell the difference between authentic and replicas of Soviet helmets during World War II. If you have a doubt about it authenticity or if is priced way below the value, you should be aware that it make be a reproduction.



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