Diabetes develops when the body cannot produce or use insulin, an essential hormone made in the pancreas. Insulin helps move glucose which is a form of sugar from the blood into the cells of one’s body. When this glucose builds up in the bloodstream, blood glucose or blood sugar rises, causing a condition known as hyperglycemia. When blood glucose goes too high, people experience a variety of blood sugar or diabetes symptoms.
The amount of glucose in the blood determines the blood sugar level. Glucose is produced through starchy foods like bread, rice and potatoes, and sweet foods that include sugar and chocolates. Another fact is that glucose is made in the liver. Insulin is a hormone and a carrier of glucose through the cells of our bodies, wherein it is used to produce energy. Sugar diabetes sufferers either have a lack of insulin, or inability to use the insuline produced in their body. Thus glucose that is left in the blood becomes one of the symptoms of sugar diabetes.
Listed below are the two common types of sugar diabetes to take note:
Diabetes Type 1:
This was formerly called insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes which accounts for 10% of cases. More commonly in this type, sufferers usually develop symptoms of sugar diabetes in childhood. The body is unable to produce any insulin at all but unfortunately this kind of sugar diabetes cannot be prevented. Type 1 diabetes may happen at any time. Parents of a child with typical symptoms of type 1 diabetes may happen to observe that their child urinates frequently, is abnormally thirsty, loses weight or fails to gain weight as he grows up.
Diabetes Type 2:
The main differences of type 2 sugar diabetes from type 1 are that:
- the body produces too little insulin or cannot use what it produces effectively
- patients do not necessarily show typical symptoms before diagnosis
It is only proper nutrional diet that can prevent type 2 diabetes enabling the body to produce insulin. Some of the sugar diabetes symptoms for this type are high amounts of glucose in the urine, leading to dehydration and increased thirst and water consumption, weight loss despite an increase in appetite, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, bladder, skin, and vaginal infections, blurred vision and lethargy.
The increase of these sugar diabetes symptoms evidently marks a serious threat to those who develop the disease. It usually affects adults between the thirties and forties. The alarming fact about sugar diabetes is that many people who have it are unaware of its existence. Obviously that can lead to increased danger of development of related health problems. Some people also tend to ignore such symptoms because they are mild and they ignorantly believe that it won’t harm them anyway. It is a sad reality that diabetes is a chronic medical condition; controllable yet lasts a lifetime. That's why it's important to know the sugar diabetes symptoms and ideally recognize them early on.