Square Foot Gardens

If you refer to this handy square foot gardening spacing chart, growing vegetables in a convenient raised bed garden will be a simple and rewarding experience. The real beauty of gardening this way in raised beds, other that the attractive garden itself, is that you can get more food per square foot than with a typical garden planted in rows.

In fact, by utilizing every foot of space to the fullest, amending the soil each year, and rotating crops, production will go up while water and fertilizer usage go down. Don't just plant haphazardly, however, Know how far apart to space your plants to get the most food possible.

The square foot gardening spacing chart below will help.

About The Vegetable Spacing Chart

This simple chart shows exactly how many of each plant you should grow into a square foot. The way to plant is to space them out as much as possible in the 1 foot by 1 foot area in the garden. For example, if a plant grows 9 per square foot, plant in 3 rows of 3, evenly spaced in the area. Follow this simple method when planting to make sure you get the largest yield.

Square Foot Garden Tomatoes
Credit: landocheese

Raised beds make gardening tomatoes easy, and you can pick them without standing in the dirt.

Growing Vertically in the Garden

When planning a raised bed garden, you will always get more food for the space by going vertical. This is not only the most effective way to use a square foot garden, it is attractive and fun. Not only than, harvesting is easy.

Be ready to grow vertically armed with 2x2 poles with one end cut to a point, netting for plants to climb, or even a chain link fence or chicken wire fencing supported by sturdy poles for climbers.

Even vegetables that don't naturally climb can be trained to do so. For example, weaving a tomato into a string fence as it grows allows it to grow vertically. Likewise, any vine plant can grow up with a bit of extra support.

When every square foot is at a premium, consider every way possible to grow vertically to increase yields.

A Word About Dirt for Raised Beds

When growing food in a raise bed garden, the most important thing that you can do after spacing the plants correctly is offering them the best soil possible. In a raised bed this is even more important since the soil is subject to more heat than typical garden soil at ground level.

The best soil for a raised bed is made up of three primary ingredients. Mix roughly equal portions of peat, vermiculite, and compost. This mixture will keep the soil light (great for root crops), yet it will keep water to cut the frequency of watering. This, combined with the best spacing for plants in a square foot garden, will allow for the largest yield.

When it comes to compost, mix it up. If you have your own kitchen compost or a compost pile, add some new compost to the soil each fall. Choose different kinds at your garden store to add variety. Don't be afraid to mix in some composted manure, leaf compost, or whatever else you may find. All will offer vital microorganisms and nutrients that your garden plants love.

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The Square Foot Gardening Spacing Chart

Vegetable Per Square Foot Notes
Asparagus 1 Asparagus may be better suited for a traditional garden.
Beans, Bush 9 Go ahead and pack them in.
Beans, Pole 5 Give them at least a 6 foot pole to climb and go vertical.
Beets 9 This cool season crop can be planted in spring and fall.
Broccoli 1 Plant in mid-summer for another fall harvest.
Cabbage 1  
Carrots 16 Your soft raised bed soil will produce awesome carrots.
Cantaloupe 1 They need more room than this but vertical growth is possible.
Cauliflower 1  
Celery 1 You might squeeze 4 in but give them plenty of water.
Corn 4 Try the three sisters of corn, pole beans, and squash.
Cucumbers 4 Give them a fence with small wire and they will climb.
Eggplant 1 Don't plant this warm-season plant too early.
Garlic 9 Plant in fall for a mid-summer harvest.
Lettuce 4 Plant in cool seasons and pick often.
Onion 16 Onions appreciate plenty of water and loose soil.
Peas 8 Plant early to avoid the heat of summer.
Peppers 1 Wait until the soil is warm to transplant peppers.
Potatoes 1 Raised bed soil produces outstanding potatoes.
Pumpkins 1 They need more room than this but vertical growth is possible.
Radishes 16 Plant early and then use the space for beans in summer.
Spinach 9 Sometimes hard to germinate, but well worth it.
Squash, Summer 1 They will dominate 1 square foot - more is better.
Squash, Winter 1 Weave into a sturdy trellis for vertical growth.
Swiss Chard 4 Excellent for adding to soups or casseroles.
Tomato 1 My favorite! Train 2-3 vines on a 2x2 pole for productivity.
Turnips 9 Fall crops tend to be better than spring crops.
Watermelon .25 These really need a 2x2 area and to grow on the ground.

Follow the Chart for Success

Gardening with this method is fun and easy. Follow this square foot gardening spacing chart to take the guesswork out of planting and enjoy!