In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful.
All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all mankind, jinn and all that exists. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our prophet, Muhammad (sal), his family, companions and all those who follow him till the Day of Judgement.
What is meant by Hajj?
The meaning of hajj is the compulsory pilgrimage performed by the Muslims from all over the world to the specified places in Makkah and around it.
What is Hajj and on whom is it obligatory?
Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. It is a once-in-a-lifetime obligation upon every Muslim, male or female, who is sane, has reached the age of puberty, and is eligible to perform it. Eligibility depends on health and financial affairs for the male, health and company of a mahram or permission of the husband for the female.
What are the benefits and reasons for performing hajj?
- Gathering the Muslims and pointing out the equality in them.
- The reality of Islamic brotherhood in a wonderful manner where the difference in language, origin, appearance or status does not matter.
- Binding the people to one holy place even though their homes are far apart.
- Taking the people to places that remind them of the prophets and messengers sent before them.
- Training a person’s body and soul to bear up difficulties, to be humble, patient, well mannered, generous and kind.
How to perform an accepted Hajj?
All the actions of Hajj are classified to any of the followings rulings.
(R) for Rukn- it is an essential part of Hajj which it actually comprises of. If any of these actions are missed out there is no compensation and the Hajj performed becomes invalid.
(W) for Wajib- it is an obligatory part of Hajj, but if it was not performed it can be compensated.
(S) for Sunnah- it is those actions and etiquettes which make Hajj complete and perfect.
Ihram(R) from the Meeqat(W)
Ihram is the intention of performing Hajj in its specified months, which are the months of Shawwal and Zul-Qa’da and the first ten days of Zul-Hijjah. It is recommended to have a complete shower, apply perfume, and perform two rakahs of salah before the intention. The intention of ihram has to be one of the three kinds;
· Ifraad - intending to perform Hajj only.
· Tamattu - intending to perform first Umrah then Hajj.
· Qiran - intending to perform both together.
Meeqat is the boundary which should not be passed by a person intending to do Hajj unless he has already made the intention. The Meeqat for us Sri-Lankans is Yalamlam. If one is travelling by air it is best to make the intention when boarding the airplane. When intending it is recommended that he voices it out and says the talbiya until he pelts stones on the 10th of Zul-Hijja. The talbiya is to say:
LABBAIKA ALLAAHUMMA LABBAIK
LABBAIKA LAA SHAREEKA LAKA LABBAIK
INNAL HAMDA WANNI'MATHA LAKA WAL MULK LAA SHAREEKA LAK
During ihram it is obligatory for a male not to wear sewn clothes but just two white pieces of upper and lower garment and slippers without a rear attachment. It is obligatory that a female should uncover her face and palms.
In the state of ihram it is not permissible for a male to cover his head and for both male and female to comb the hair, remove hair from any part of the body, clip nails, apply perfume, hunt, marry or give in marriage, indulge in sexual intercourse, masturbation or foreplay. It is recommended to abstain from talking worldly affairs inside the sacred boundaries. It is recommended for one to say:
It is also recommended to have a shower and go towards al-Masjid al-Haraam immediately, intending to perform Tawaaf al-Qudoom. It is desirable to enter it through Baab-Bani-Shaiba. As one's eyes are set on the Ka’bah one must raise his hands and say: