What Does the Foot Muscles Do?Credit: http://www.footandankleinjuries.co.uk/anatomy.php
The foot muscles have a big role in giving shape to the foot and holding the associated bones together in an appropriate position to facilitate locomotion. They are involved in the expansion and contraction which is necessary to bring about movement of the individual. They function to cause locomotion together with the joints of the feet. They function in an antagonistic manner whereby contraction of one muscle will cause relaxation of the next muscle hence movement of the foot is initiated.Credit: http://foothealth.about.com/od/exercisefeet/ss/FootExercises_9.htm
The Categorization of Foot Muscles
The anterior tibial facilitates the upward movement of the foot. This is especially when climbing upstairs or any other raised surface. Posterior tibial plays a role in supporting the arch of the foot. Peroneal tibial has a function in controlling and regulating the outermost side of the foot ankle. Extensors enable the ankle to raise the toes thus helping to step forward. Flexor muscle works in conjunction with extensor muscles and they have a crucial role in stabilizing the toes of the feet against the surface of the ground when preparing to take a step forward. The available small muscles in the feet allows for the lifting and curling of the toes which is part of what happens during locomotion.Credit: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/cramps-in-feet-and-toes.html
Problems Affecting Conditions of Foot Muscles
Foot muscles are prone to a variety of disorders which are caused by a number of factors. Overworking the muscle will cause fatigue and subsequent paining and swelling. Application of excessive pressure to the muscles will cause strains which usually affects the ligaments of the muscles. The individual with an injured foot muscle will always experience a lot of pain while walking. When the damage is severe, the individual is unable to move completely. Foot muscles are subjected to the entire weight of an individual and prolonged standing or carrying heavy-weighted loads will lead to development of foot cramps. This is usually not clinically important and will last for a short period of time after the withdrawal of the causing factor. Some of the factors which favor development of muscle cramps are dehydration of foot muscles, obesity-which results into excessive weight being applied to the muscles, Vitamin D deficiency, diabetes, thyroid gland malfunctions and hormonal imbalance.Credit: http://www.microsoft.com/office/olsb/page-not-available_EN-US.html
Some of the Ways to Care for Foot Muscles
There exist a number of treatment procedures that are used by clinicians to help those with problems of their foot muscles. Different drugs are available for specific conditions of the muscles and various combinations can be used to bring the muscles back to their normal state. Massage procedures will greatly help those with minor sprains of their foot muscles. Those who are obese are encouraged to involve activities which will facilitate loss of weight to healthy levels. Losing weight will help to remove the excessive pressure that is applied to the muscles of the feet. Microbial infections of the foot muscles occur at times and this needs urgent clinical care to prevent development of complications which might lead to total loss of foot function.