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Symptoms and treatment of Dementia

Dementia is when someone exhibits several different symptoms of dementia that involves changes in their brain’s functions and ability and is severe enough to cause problems in coping with daily life and that need treatment of dementia in order to function.

Dementia depends on many factors and the expected progress in its severity depends on the type of dementia. There are several kinds, including Alzheimer's disease, Huntington’s disease, vascular dementia, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, those caused by other illnesses, and those related to nutritional or medication issues.

Dementia symptomsCredit:

Symptoms of dementia

While some of the symptoms of dementia may vary, the basic ones related to most types include:

  • Sudden or gradual decline in the ability to communicate
  • Memory loss
  • Inability to problem solve or learn new things
  • Not able to think properly
  • Inappropriate behavior
  • Inability to orient themselves to time and place
  • Problems walking or standing
  • Not taking care of personal hygiene
  • Having hallucinations or being paranoid
  • Asking the same thing over and over
  • Being lost even though they are in a familiar place
  • Can’t follow directions
  • Can’t recognize family members or friends


There are differences between these symptoms of dementia and normal issues with memory loss or other problems of normal aging. The symptoms will be far more severe and the person could eventually be a danger to themselves or others if it is actual dementia.


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Diagnosis of Dementia         

Doctors are able to diagnose dementia through special medical tests like brain imaging, and other diagnostic and clinical tests. Some of these are progressive, while some are sudden and caused by a bad infection or allergic reaction. Some treatment for dementia can cure it if it is due to one of these later types of dementia, but other types are not treatable and will continue to get worse.

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Treatment of dementia

If someone is showing the symptoms of dementia, then they need to have someone talk to their doctor about possible treatment of dementia to help slow the progress if possible and help them to better cope with the problems it causes. Some of the possible treatment of dementia is the following medications:

  • Cholinesterase inhibitors

Drugs such as Aricept, Exelon and Razadyne used to treat dementia such as Alzheimer’s, vascular dementia, dementia related to Parkinson’s, as well as Lewy body dementia.

  •  Memantine

Another possible treatment of dementia used on Alzheimer's disease patients.

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Other types of treatment for dementia

Sometimes doctors will give other sorts of medications, but these are mostly to treat the underlying symptoms of dementia and not the actual disease itself. These might be drugs like antidepressants, or sedatives. In addition, there are some types of dementia like Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease that have no treatment at all and the patient can only be helped to stay comfortable.

Some types of homeopathic treatment of dementia could also include things like Vitamin E, Omega 3 fatty acids, Coenzyme Q10, Ginkgo, and Huperzine A (a type of Chinese moss).

All in all, symptoms of dementia need to be taken seriously so treatment for dementia can be started if it is deemed able to help the patient.