What causes Iscaemic heart disease?
Ischaemic heart disease means that the person’s body in not able to get enough oxygen into the muscles of the heart. If someone has this, they may end up having an eventual heart attack. Some of the possible risk factors are family history, diabetes, hypertension, a fatty diet, smoking, high cholesterol, low HDL or good cholesterol, being overweight, or a previous heart attack or stroke.
Signs and symptoms of Iscaemic heart disease
At first, there may be no outward even if someone has Iscaemic heart disease. However, later in the stages of this problem, the signs and symptoms of Iscaemic heart disease include:
- A burning or tightness of the chest, neck, arm or shoulder which can be worse right after eating
- Problems breathing
- Other types of chest pain
- Edema of the arms or legs (swelling)
- Being dizzy
- Coudgh that oesn’t go away
- Heart palpitations
- Abnormal pulse rate
- Appetite loss
Testing for Ischaemic heart disease
If it is suspected that a person has Iscaemic heart disease, there are several ways to test for it. Some of these include:
- Chest x-ray
- Blood tests
- Exercise tolerance test
- Thallium stress test
- Coronary angiogram
Treatment for Iscaemic heart disease
If you are found to have Ischaemic heart disease, then you need to discuss with your doctor what your treatment options are.
Some of the possible treatment for Iscaemic heart disease is:
- Organic nitrates to relax the heart muscles
- Beta blockers (like propanolol, atanolol, or timolol) reduce flow
- Aspirin (especially good if had previous heart attack)
- Statin drugs (like atorvatatin or rusvastatin) to help lower high cholestorol
- Calcium Channel Blockers (like amlodipine and nifedipine) stops calcium ion from getting into the membrane
- Angioplasty – Surgery to open a blocked blood vessel by usage of a small balloon pushed through the artery to get rid of any fatty deposits.
- Stents – A device put inside the blood vessel to make sure it remains open and can work normally.
- Bypass surgery – In severe cases this operation is done to give the blood another route to follow to improve blood flow to the area.
- Lifestyle changes – things like exercise, better nutrition, stop smoking, etc.
If you are found to have the signs and symptoms of Iscaemic heart disease, then you need to discuss the possible treatment with your doctor to determine the best route for your own situation. Whatever you decide, it is very vital to have this dangerous heart condition taken care of as early as possible.
Heart disease is one of the main killers of people all around the world. Knowing the signs and symptoms of Iscaemic heart disease, as well as the varied treatment of Iscaemic heart disease is vital if you wish to live. If heart disease is found early, it is possible to lead a relatively normal lifestyle with varied changes in your life and proper treatment.