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Symptoms and treatment of Malaria

By Edited Mar 9, 2014 0 0

Cause of Malaria

Malaria is reported as the 5th highest cause of death in the world and is therefore a very dangerous disease and that is why if you are traveling in an infected area it is vital to know the symptoms of malaria and the treatment of malaria. People can get it from a parasite carried by an infected mosquito.  However, with quick action by a doctor death can normally be averted.

Most people who get Malaria that live in the U.S. or other developed countries get it if they have been travelling in an infected area such as areas in Asia and Africa. More than three billion inhabitants in those areas is at risk of contracting malaria and need to know about the symptoms of malaria and the treatment of malaria.

About 1,500 malaria cases are reported in the U.S. each year, but the disease itself was eradicated in the U.S.

Symptoms of Malaria

Symptoms of Malaria
 

When someone contracts malaria, they are normally very sick and some of the symptoms of malaria outbreaks are:

  • High fever
  • Bad chills
  • Headache
  • Sweating
  • Tiredness
  • Shivering
  • Seizures
  • Throwing up
  • Achy body pains
  • Feeling bad in general

More complicated symptoms of malaria may involve additional issues such as:

  • Jaundice
  • Fast respiratory rate
  • Spleen is enlarged
  • Anemia
  • Organ failure
  • Coma
  • Neurological changes
  • Bloody urine
  • Low blood pressure
  • Blot clotting abnormalities
  • Kidney failure
    Malaria symptoms

Victims bitten by an infected mosquito may not show the symptoms of malaria for weeks or even months as it has a long incubation time, plus if they had previously taken anti-malaria drugs it may lie dormant in their liver and then come back to life many weeks later. This can make it troublesome to be able to diagnose malaria and give the victim the proper treatment for malaria.

Treatment for Malaria

Treatment for Malaria

Treatment of malaria is decided upon dependent on things such as facts such as the seriousness of the patient’s condition, the kind of parasite found, the country in which the disease was contracted, and normal considerations such as the person’s age, how much they weight, and if a female is pregnant. All of this must be taken into consideration before starting treatment for malaria.

Several kinds of drugs can be given in treatment for malaria that will work to fight against the parasites that cause it. These include:

  • Chloroquine
  • Malarone
  • Coartem
  • Lariam
  • Quinine
  • Quinidine
  • Doxycycline
  • Clindamycin
  • Artesunate (not allowed to be used in the States)
  • Primaquine (for parasites that have been dormant in the liver, however, if a victim has G6PD or is pregnant, they can’t take it.)
    Malaria Treatment

 

The bottom line is that if you are planning travel in areas thought to harbor the type of mosquito that carries the malaria parasite, you should talk to your doctor ahead of time for anti-malaria drugs, as well as be very knowledgeable about the possible symptoms of malaria and the treatment of malaria if you catch it.

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