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Cerebrovascular disease involves problems that involve bleeding in the brain or a blockage in the brain such as a stroke, so it is important to recognize the symptoms of stroke and the resulting treatment of stroke if you think you or someone else is suffering one. These disorders can also include conditions such as malformation of vascular tissue in the body, aneurysm, or vertebral and intracranial or carotid stenosis.

Stroke is a dangerous condition and is the third highest cause of deaths in the U.S. About a quarter of these people will have a second stroke sometime in the next five years and it may then lead to a lengthy disability or even death. This makes it vital for people to understand the symptoms of stroke and to know when to get to the emergency room at the nearest medical facility to undergo treatment for stroke.

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Symptoms of stroke

When a person has a sudden lack of blood flowing to the brain it causes a stroke. Other cerebrovascular disease problems that could cause similar reactions are blood clots, embolisms or hemorrhage in the brain. A stroke often happens with no prior warning; however, there are some symptoms of stroke to be aware of. These include:


  • Dizziness
  • Throwing up or feeling sick
  • Strangely brutal headache
  • Feeling confused or disoriented
  • Loss of memory
  • Numb or weak extremities or on one side of the face
  • Irregular and slurred speaking
  • Vision loss or blurry eyesight
  • Balance loss or not being able to walk

How is stroke or other cerebrovascular problems diagnosed?

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Most of the strokes or other cerebrovascular disease is found via special imaging tests that allow the doctors to see the blood vessels in and around the person’s brain. These tests include cerebral angiography, CT scans, spinal tap, MRI, EEG, and ultrasound.

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Kinds of Strokes

There are two common kinds of stroke: Ischemic and hemorrhagic. The one seen about 80 percent of the time is an isochemic stroke. This type is due to either a blood clot blocking an artery or when an existing blood clot breaks off and travels to an artery and blocks it there.  The hemorrhagic type of stroke is due to high blood pressure, an aneurysim bursting or some other form of complication.

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Treatment for Stroke

Whichever type of stroke someone has, it is imperative to get help as soon as possible. Recognizing the symptoms of stroke and getting someone to a hospital fast for treatment for stroke could mean the difference between life and death. Some kinds of strokes require surgery to get rid of the pressure in the brain caused by the blockage or bleeding. If this is not relieved, then the person could have another stroke and further damage their brain.

If a person receives treatment for stroke quickly, then after surgery they may be able to get the undamaged areas of their brains to learn to take over. This is done through physical therapy, as well as therapies for speech and to find a new job if necessary.