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Symptoms and treatment of prostate cancer

By Edited Feb 16, 2016 0 0

Prostate Anatomy

Prostate cancer is a very serious men’s disease and therefore it is vital to understand the symptoms of prostate cancer and the treatment of prostate cancer. The prostate gland is a part of the reproductive system and is located next to the urethra or the urine tube.  It is the third leading cause of men’s cancer deaths and is very common in men who are older than 75 years old. It also only occurs rarely in men who are less than 40 years old.

 

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer in men?

Symptoms of Prostate cancer

Knowing the symptoms of prostate cancer in men is vital to get it treated as early as possible. First, you should know your possible risk of getting prostate cancer. Some men more susceptible to it are African Americans, those more than 60 years old, and any man with a close relative that has had prostate cancer. You can also be more likely to get it if you were ever around Agent Orange, are an alcoholic, have been around cadminum, are a tire plant employee, a painter or a farmer; or have always eaten a lot of fat in your diet.

Some of the symptoms of prostate cancer are:

  • A problem urinating such as slow or delayed flow or it comes out in dribbles
  • Leaky urine
  • Urine or semen has blood in it
  • Unable to urinate or it hurts to do it
  • Bone pain in lower back or pelvis (occurs in advanced cases)

Prostate cancer symptoms

Doctors can test men for prostate cancer by doing a biopsy, CT or bone scan, rectal exam or a PSA blood test.

 

Treatment of prostate cancer 

Treatment for prostate cancer

Dependent upon the seriousness of the prostate cancer, there are several treatments your doctor may prescribe. These may include:

 

  • Surgery
  • Radiation
  • Monitoring (usually in older men)
  • Chemotherapy
  • Drug therapy
  • Hormonal therapy (done through testosterone blocking drugs)

Prostate cancer treatment
Surgery as treatment of prostate cancer can be done if it has not spread very far. It can, however, cause complications such as sexual difficulties or problems going to the bathroom.  Usually, other treatments are considered first depending on what is going on in the person’s system.

Radiation can be used as a treatment if the cancer hasn’t spread very far or it may be used in a combination with surgery.   There are several types of radiation depending on the therapy chosen for treatment of prostate cancer. It can cause side effects like tiredness, skin problems, burning of the rectal area, bowel problems, urinary problems or appetite losses.

Hormone therapy can also cause side effects like hot flashes, loss of sexual abilities, nausea, tiredness, weak bones, vomiting, etc. Since it involves blocking testosterone, which is a male hormone, it may also cause feminization such as breast growth, etc.

Chemotherapy is done when hormone therapy doesn’t work. In some cases, men are just monitored to make sure the cancer doesn’t spread. All of these options depend on your doctor’s decisions and your own desires as well. Talk to your doctor about the symptoms of prostate cancer and how you want the treatment of prostate cancer done.

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