Pancreatitis is a disease caused due to inflammation of the pancreas. It may be of two types, acute or chronic. Pancreas lies deep into our body hence it is not easily palpable. This organ produces some digestive enzymes such as lipase, amylase, rennin that aid in digestion. Thus pancreas is one of the essential organs to keep up our digestive system in a smooth manner.
Pancreatitis is noted among people above 40. There is the history of suffering from gall stone or excessive drinking of wine. It may be so that the patient suffers from chronic dyspepsia. The symptoms of pancreatitis is sudden. There is severe pain in the upper middle part of the abdomen. Sometimes the patient feels that the pain radiates to the back side.
The moment the patient moves, sneezes, coughs or takes deep breathe. The type of the pain is boring, sharp or stabbing or of a spasmodic type. This pain continues for hours or for a couple of days. Rarely the pain may be of the colic type. Very often the pain may mimic biliary colic or peptic ulcer. There may be nausea or vomiting when the pain reaches the peak.
The patient may vomit sometimes. Vomiting never offers proper relief of the pain. Some patients suffer from bloating of the abdomen and there is tremendous sensitivity. Especially the upper part of the abdomen bloats due to gastric. The intestinal sounds may stop or be mild. The tenderness is acute always on the upper part never on the lower abdominal part. In serious condition the patient may suffer from shock or collapse along with the acute abdomen.
In the first phase the body temperature may be normal or cold. But within a few hours it rises and becomes high. The pulse becomes feeble and rapid, the respiration turns rapid too and it seems shallow. There may be rigidity on the upper part of the abdomen but is never so as the peritonitis. Rarely there is rigidity of the lower abdomen. There is bile vomit along with constipation (sometimes flatus passes). Mild jaundice may be prominent too.
The moment the common bile duct is pinched by swelled pancreas there may be a sign of jaundice. Even the moment the gall stones obstruct the common bile duct jaundice is quite natural. When the swelling of the pancreas subsides or the obstruction is removed the jaundice bids good bye.
The heart beat is rapid due to fever and severe pain or if there is the history of internal bleeding. As a result of infection and bleeding the patient may be dehydrated. As an obvious result the blood pressure is lowered and the patient feels fatigued and weak. It may be so that the patient may faint or feel lightheaded. There is tremendous irritability, confusion and dearth in concentration. Very often headache gets the better of the patient.
If it is noticed that the blood pressure has become lowered it may be assumed that the other parts of the body do not have blood circulation to continue the natural process. This symptoms of pancreatitis is very serious and may cause acute shock.