Enlarged prostate in menCredit: http://www.prostatitisdr.com/prostatitis_bph.html

An enlarged prostate is when a man’s prostate gland, which is what produces semen, gets larger for various reasons, one of which is common when a man gets older.

BPH Signs and SymptomsCredit: http://men.webmd.com/prostate-enlargement-bph/ss/slideshow-bph-overview

Common symptoms of enlarged prostate

The symptoms of enlarged prostate include:

In the beginning, a man may have chills and fever along with pain in the lower stomach area, pain in the area between the male genitals and the anus and pain and burning when he pees, frequent need to pee but little comes out, leaking pee, and severe rectal pain.

These pains or fever may get worse if he does not go to a doctor to get relief. In time, he could get a urinary tract infection with blood in the urine or end up having a hard time peeing at all. This infection can also get into the prostate gland itself and cause serious pain.

These symptoms of enlarged prostate vary with different men and some may even have little or no symptoms, while others are in serious pain and have a total loss of bladder function and serious pain and fevers.

Causes of Benign Prostatic HyperplasiaCredit: http://www.health-reply.com/treatment-enlarged-prostate/

What causes enlarged prostate?

Symptoms of enlarged prostate usually occur in men over 50, with nearly 90 percent of men having it by the time they are in their 80s, according to the American Urological Association (AUA).

A family history of male relatives getting enlarged prostate could also put a man at risk for developing it eventually. Some believe it is a normal part of a man’s aging process due to hormonal changes as he gets older.

Enlarged prostate is not cancer, but it can cause major problems for men who have it such as frequent bladder infections, bladder stones, and not being able to pee (which is considered a life threatening emergency.) This can also lead to kidney problems and even though it is not cancer, it can lead to actual prostate cancer if not treated.

Diagnostic tests for prostate cancerCredit: http://averaorg.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=42&pid=42&gid=000270

Tests for enlarged prostate symptoms

When you go to the doctor they will do a rectal exam in order to check the prostate gland. They may also do a urine flow test, a post void urine test to see if urine is retained in the bladder,  test for blood in urine, urine culture to see if there is an infection, prostate specific antigen blood test for prostate cancer check or a cystoscopy to look inside the bladder.

Treat Enlarged Prostate SymptomsCredit: http://www.tophealthmag.com/health/health-a-z/enlarged-prostate/

Treatment of enlarged prostate symptoms

Treatment for enlarged prostate symptoms vary from merely watching and waiting to see if it gets worse clear up to medicine and surgery. Often, the man is asked to come back once a year for a recheck. Self treatment can include things like going to the bathroom often to try to pee, don’t drink alcohol or caffeine containing drinks, don’t drink anything within two hours of going to bed, don’t take cold and sinus medicine with decongestants and antihistamines, do pelvic exercises called kegels, try to lesson your stress.

Some of the types of medications used include alpha 1-blockers, medication to lower the hormone levels in the prostate to make it shrink, or antibiotics if the prostate is inflamed.