Systemic Candidiasis is a type of candida infection, which spreads all over the body, invading most areas of the skin, mouth, and throat. At times, the infection attacks major internal organs such as kidneys, liver, intestine, and could be really serious, especially when the heart and brain are affected.
Also known as systemic yeast infection, this serious fungal growth can reach the system’s deeper regions, affecting the bloodstream, urinary tract and overall immune system. While symptoms are mostly very visible, this condition is not that easy to diagnose.
The symptoms of systemic yeast infection include persistent migraines, respiratory infections, malaise, dizziness, fatigue and muscle ache, sensory disturbances, and of course thrush. Most patients mistaken the growth of superficial thrush as a simple form of candidiasis, not knowing that inside their system is a more apparent growth. Aside from these, gastrointestinal reactions like diarrhea, constipation, bloating, and gas, itching and burning around the rectal region may be signs of this condition, as well.
Candida yeast is naturally present in the body’s system, especially in warm, damp environments like the mouth and vaginal area. Candidiasis, whether mild or systematic, is caused by overgrowth of this species. Overgrowth takes place when the natural defense of the body is low. Use of antibiotics, especially full-spectrum ones, kill not only the target bacteria but also the good bacteria that guard our body from yeast overgrowth. At times, high blood sugar also results in candidiasis. However, if the growth is not controlled, and the body’s defense is not able to suppress it, then systematic candidiasis occurs. This usually happens to people with very low immune system such as the elderly, HIV-positive patients, cancer patients and people recuperating from diseases.
Although mild, local candidiasis is relatively easy to treat with topical medications (for rashes, skin fungi), vaginal suppositories (for vaginal candidiasis), and lozenges (for mild oral thrush), systemic candidiasis require a more complicated approach.
Depending on the severity of the case, patients with systematic yeast infection can be treated with oral medications, such as ketoconazole, itraconazole, and fluconazole. Some undergoes a special candida diet combined with antifungal IV therapy. Hospitalization is required for special cases, such as candida due to complications of HIV, or if the internal organs like kidneys and liver are already affected.
Generally, the occurrence of candidiasis can be prevented. However, if your immune system is really low, your risk of having systemic candidiasis is greatly increased. To prevent further infection, you should regularly visit your doctor. Avoiding sugar, yeast, and mushrooms and eating yogurt, lots of vegetables and drinking cultured milk may help prevent this condition.