There are many different types of fungal infections. Fungus (or fungi in plural) are organisms such as yeast, mold, and even mushrooms and truffles. If you've ever left a piece of food out for a long period of time in damp / humid conditions and you see green mold covering it...yup that's fungi. Fungus serves an important role for humans: we eat them (mushrooms etc), use them to ferment food (wine, soy cause, beer), create antibiotics and as a leavening agent for bread (yeast).

Some fungi are parasites, which means they live off plants and animals. That includes HUMANS so that's how fungal infections develop: when fungi grows on or in your body. Some fungi, if left untreated can cause serious diseases in human which may even lead to death. Fungal spores can also cause allergies.

There are many different types of fungi and therefore many different types of fungal infections you can get too.


  • Fungal skin infections include ringworm, athlete's foot, dandruff, nail fungal infections
  • Fungal infections of the mouth and esophagus include candida (or 'oral thrush')
  • Vaginal fungal infections (chlamydia, candida, vaginal flora imbalance and others)
  • Internal fungal infections which may appear as astham, a fungal ball (a 'hole' in the lung), lung growth


People who are at greater of risk of fungal infections include:

  • Those with weaker immune systems (the sick, very young, very old people, people undergoing chemotherapy)
  • Those who take strong antibiotics for an extended period of time as antibiotics don't just kill off bad bacteria, they also kill good bacteria too, the type of bacteria which can fight against infections
  • Diabetes-sufferers
  • People living in humid, hot conditions, often in crowded environments with other people
  • Close contact with infected person. For example. chlamydia is a sexually-transmitted form of fungal infection. Skin infections of the foot may be caught if using a community shower or swimming pool with infected users


Fungal infection treatment may vary widely according to the specific type of fungal infection you are suffering from.

For many fungal infections, try these:

  • There are antifungal drugs or medications available
  • Keep the infected area clean and dry, and maintain good hygiene: change your socks, stockings or shoes regularly
  • There are anti-fungal creams and powders which help to absorb the moisture especially for feet
  • Avoid tight clothing around the infected area
  • Keep your house clean and free from excess humidity, mold and dust
  • Dirty water in flowers and plants may contain fungal spores
  • Some companies use air filters to filter out fungal spores
  • Avoid contact with infected sufferers. For example, you should bring your own flip flops to the local public swimming pool or gym
  • A diet filled with sugar may encourage the fungus to thrive
  • Take 'good' bacteria supplements

If you suspect you are suffering from a fungal infection, see your doctor so that you can get a proper diagnosis and treatment.

PS Read this article is you suspect you're suffering from a toenail fungal infection.