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Technological Innovations of the 20th Century

By Edited Oct 9, 2015 1 0

There were a number of innovations in the 20th century. In this century scientists developed exciting innovations around the world. These were a few of the more notable innovations introduced during the 1900s.

The Aircraft:

The first aircrafts were developed by the Wright aviation pioneers. The Wright Flyer was effectively launched in 1903. This can be considered the first modern aircraft, and it was not too long before the aircrafts became faster and could cover much greater distances.

Aircrafts were embraced by various militaries in the First World War. During this period Germany, Great Britain and France were among the first to provide air support for their navies and ground armies. Firstly, they were more limited to reconnaissance missions such as spotting artillery positions, but by 1918 they provided more considerable support for ground armies at battles such as the Battle of Amiens.

During the inter-war period larger aircrafts were developed which could carry heavier bomb loads. The bomber aircrafts became vital in further wars in Europe and the Pacific for bombing military and industrial targets at both land and sea. Aircraft carriers transported lighter weight carrier aircrafts during the Pacific War, and with them Japan wiped much of the U.S. Pacific Fleet out at Pearl Harbour.

In the postwar period jet aircrafts began to 'take off.' Aircrafts got bigger and quicker, and larger passenger aircraft such as Concorde greatly reduced travel times. Undoubtedly, the aircraft was one of the most notable innovations of the century.

The Rocket:

The first rockets emerged during the 1940s. German scientists added the V-2 rocket to Germany's arsenal before the Allied armies were able to reach their rocket bases and wipe them out. These rockets could travel longer distances than bomber aircraft, and were much quicker.

In much the same way as aircrafts, bigger rockets were developed by the United States and Russia in the 1950s. Rockets became a vital part of space travel when the first manned space mission shot the first man into space during the 1950s. During the '60s larger NASA rockets launched a small team of U.S. astronauts to the moon. As such, space travel had moved beyond sci-fi with these space rocket launches.

Nuclear Fission:

Nuclear Fission is essentially the splitting of atoms. The first atoms were split at New Mexico, as the Manhattan Project developed the first nuclear bomb in 1945. This sparked an arms race after the USSR also later developed their own atomic bomb. After bombs came missiles which were equipped with warships and submarines.

Aside from inspiring atomic bombs, nuclear fission also ensured the expansion of nuclear plants. The first was established in the USSR in 1954. These nuclear plants have provided an alternative energy source.

Wide Area Network:

WANs provided the basis for the Internet. They were first developed in the 1960s when the first mainframes were linked over wider areas. This ushered in a new era for telecommunications, and when the first HTML protocols were later developed pages and sites could be linked via the net during the '90s. The number of websites has been expanding ever since.

The TV:

The TV first emerged in the 1950s. TVs of that time were black and white, but were later replaced by color alternatives. Among the early broadcasters were the BBC, and BBC One was one of the first channels. Since then the number of TV channels has greatly expanded, especially as analogue TV sets have been gradually phased out by digital. Satellite channel providers have also provided an alternative to cable.

These innovations were among the more notable of the century. The innovations greatly enhanced travel and telecommunications the world over.

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