Throughout our history, mankind has always created new materials to accomodate for our growing needs. Although the terms have changed a bit from the early days, when the only reason to invent new things were to have new ways of killing each other, that principle still holds true.
Instead of creating new materials by simply smashing two existing materials together (like in the good old days), scientists nowadays work on a submolecular level - and the results are amazing to say the least. Among the thousands of new materials created every year, there are five awesome materials that stand out from the crowd;
Concrete cloth is a brand new material consisting of (surprise!) concrete and fabric. It has a lot of special properties acquired from both materials, including being water- and fire proof, lightweight and very flexible. It's basically a concrete foundation that you can wear.
And its uses are endless - it can be used to effortlessly construct weatherproof shelters, create flood barriers, ground surfacing and much more. It is arguably the most awesome innovation in cloth materials since the Romans invented the toga.
Liquid glass is an awesome new innovation for cleaning just about everything. It is a coating which can be applied on almost any surface, and is completely self sanitizing. The liquid glass works on a nano-scale level to repel any dirt, bacteria and other polluting particles from the surface - all on its own.
So if you want to keep any surface of any material clean, and waterproof, just coat it in a layer of liquid glass (which, by the way, is entirely invisible as well). Cleaning couldn't be made any easier - all it takes now is a wet cloth and a quick wipe, and any and all dirt will be completely removed.
Plants are great - there's simply no arguing about that. And light is also great, because how else would we be able to see? Presumably, some scientist realized this and decided to combine the two, thus creating Gold Nanoparticles. These particles are basically a way of making light sources out of plants, utilizing the plant's own photosynthesis.
Basically, this material works together with living plant cells, and as part of the photosynthesis, emits light. This is great in two ways; one, we get an environmentally friendly light source which doesn't require any fuel that causes harm to the environment, and two, carbon dioxide is converted into oxygen as a byproduct of these natural lamps. So these lamps are basically the opposite of pollution.
You're welcome, nature!
Green Fluorescent Protein (That Creates Electricity out of Light)
While on the subject of nature, another awesome material worth mentioning is the Green fluorescent protein, which is an environmentally friendly way of generating electricity. And by environmentally friendly, I don't mean like solar power, which still has a slight impact on the environment - no, this material is actually beneficial to the environment since it's completely organic.
It works by adapting the light absorption of photosynthesis, but instead of converting the energy into sugars, as it normally would, it converts it into electrical energy.
That's right - it's nature's own way of utilizing solar power, but with a new purpose. With this simple material, which already exists naturally in certain species of jelly fish, we could potentially eliminate the need of fossil fuels in a not too distant future.
Besides having the name of the villain in a children's cartoon, Bacilla Filla is a material that has the ability to repair concrete structures entirely on its own.That's right - it's a bacteria that repairs buildings.
With the new innovation of this bio-based material, concrete structures that have been damaged by earth quakes or just natural deterioration can be fixed at a substantially lower cost and effort than today. Bacilla Filla is simply injected into the damaged structure, where the material creates a special calcium carbon compound combined with a bacterial superglue, which work together to form a substance which is exactly as hard as the surrounding concrete.
This new material will most definitely come to revolutionize the very way we think about building safety and building repairs.
However, as awesome as these new materials may be, science still has a long way to go. I mean, they still have a lot of stuff to invent, like fruit that tastes like bacon, and bacon that doesn't make you fat. Actually, I think any new bacon related invention would be greatly appreciated.
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