Continuing our study of the doctrines articulated by John Calvin in response to the premise presented by the followers of Arminius, the fourth point in the TULIP acronym, “I” stands for irresistible grace. Each part of the Trinity – Father, Son, and Holy Spirit participates in our salvation. The Father elected, before the foundation of the world, those individuals whom He would save. The Son came into the world and was the sacrifice for our redemption. The last phase is done by the Holy Spirit. Again, like the other points that Calvin addresses, we shall review the position of the Arminian doctrine on the topic Their position is that, yes, the Holy Spirit gives an internal or inward call to each and every person who hears a gospel call of salvation. However, man is free to resist the inward call of the Holy Spirit. Now, should a man choose to believe, then the Holy Spirit is effective and the person comes to salvation. In other words, the Holy Spirit draws only those who desire to be drawn.
The participation by the Holy Spirit is necessary because man is dead in sin and is under its power and unable to respond to God. We are, in and of ourselves, unable and unwilling to turn away from our evil ways and turn to Jesus for mercy. This is why the Holy Spirit is so necessary. It extends to the elect an inward call in addition to the call of the gospel that draws to a saving faith in Christ. The Holy Spirit creates within the person a new heart or nature through regeneration (new birth) by which a sinner is made a child of God and is given spiritual life.
The person’s will is renewed through this process so that the sinner comes to Christ Jesus of his own free choice. He is given a new nature so as to love righteousness and an understanding of the gospel and willingly accepts Jesus as Lord and Savior.
Salvation is the work of the Holy Spirit as well as the Father and the Son.
Romans 8:14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God.
1 Corinthians 2:10-14 But God has revealed them to us though His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God. (11) For what man knows the tings of a man, except the spirit of the man which is in him? Even so, no one knows the things of God except the Spirit of God. (12) Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we might know the things that have been freely given us by God. (13) These things we also speak, not in words which man’s wisdom teaches, but which the Holy Spirit teaches, comparing spiritual things with spiritual. (14) But the natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him, nor can he know them because they are spiritually discerned.
1 Corinthians 12:3 Therefore I make known to you that no one speaking by the Spirit of God calls Jesus accursed and no one can say that Jesus is Lord except by the Holy Spirit.
2 Corinthians 3:6 …who made us sufficient as ministers of the new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit, for the letter kills, but the Spirit give life.
2 Corinthians 3:17-18 Now the Lord is the Spirit and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. (18) But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as by the Spirit of the Lord.
1 Peter 1:2 …elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit for obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ.
Sinners are brought into the kingdom of heaven through regeneration. Scripture describes this as a spiritual resurrection and is done by the Holy Spirit.
John 1:12-13 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believed in His name (13) who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
John 3:3-8 Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” (4) Nicodemus said to Him, “How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born?” (5) Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. (6) That which is born of the flesh is flesh and that which is born of the Spirit. (7) Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’ (8) The wind blows where it wishes and you hear the sound of it, but cannot tell where is comes from and where it goes. So is everyone who is born of the Spirit.”
Titus 3:5 …not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration of renewing of the Holy Spirit.
1 Peter 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has begotten us again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.
1 Peter 1:23 …having been born again, not of corruptible seed, but incorruptible, through the word of God which lives and abides forever.
1 John 5:4 For whoever is born of God overcomes the world. And this is the victory that has overcome the world – our faith.
Through the working of the Holy Spirit, the sinner is given a new heart or nature and made to walk in Gods Law. In Christ Jesus, a sinner becomes a new creation.
Deuteronomy 30:6 And the Lord our God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your descendents, to love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul that you may live.
Ezekiel 36:26-28 I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you. I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you’re a heart of flesh. (27) I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes and you will keep My judgments and do them. (28) Then you shall dwell I the land that I gave to your fathers. You shall be My people and I will be your God.
2 Corinthians 5:17-18 Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. Old things have passed away, behold, all things have become new. (17) Now all things are of God who has reconciled us to Himself through Jesus Christ and has given us the ministry of reconciliation.
Galatians 6:15 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but a new creation.
Ephesians 2:10 For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them.
It is the Holy Spirit that raises the sinner from spiritual death and makes the person alive.
John 5:21 “For as the Father raises the dead and gives life to them, even so the Son gives life to whom He will.”
Ephesians 2:1, 5 And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins… (5) …even when we were dead in trespasses, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved).
God makes known to the elect the secrets of the kingdom of heaven though the personal revelation given by the Holy Spirit.
Matthew 11:25-27 At that time Jesus answered and said, “I thank You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and prudent and have revealed them to babes. (26) Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in Your sight. (27) All things have been delivered to Me by My Father, and no one knows the Son except the Father except the Son, and the one to whom the Son wills to reveal Him.
Matthew 13:10-11, 16 And the disciples came and said to Him, “Why do You speak in parables?” (11) He answered and said to them, “Because it has been given to you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given.”… (16) But blessed are your eyes for they see and your ears for they hear.”
Matthew 16:15-17 He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” (16) Simon Peter answered and said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” (17) Jesus answered and said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven.”
Luke 8:10 And He said, “To you it has been given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God, but to the rest, it is given in parables, that ‘Seeing they may not see, and hearing they may not understand.’”
Luke 10:21 In that hour, Jesus rejoiced in the Spirit and said, “I thank You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and prudent and revealed them to babes. Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in Your sight.”
John 6:37, 43-45, 64-65 “All that the father gives Me will come to Me and the one who comes to Me I will by no means cast out.” (44) “No one can come to Me unless the father who sent me draws him and I will raise him up at the last day. (45) It is written in the prophets, ‘and they shall all be taught by God.’ Therefore, let anyone who has heard and learned from the Father come to Me.” …(64) “But there are some of you who do not believe.” For Jesus know from the beginning who they were who did not believe and who would betray Him. (65) And He said, “Therefore I have said to you that no one can come to Me unless it has been granted to him by My Father.”
1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man does not perceive the tings of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; nor an he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.
Ephesians 1:17-18 …that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him, (18) the eyes of your under-standing being enlightened; that you may know what is the hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints.
Faith and repentance are gifts and are done through the Holy Spirit.
Acts 5:31 Him God has exalted to His right hand to be Prince and Savior to give repentance for Israel and forgiveness of sins.
Acts 11:18 When they heard these things they became silent and they glorified God, saying, “Then God has also granted to the Gentiles repentance to life.”
Acts 13:48 Now when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad and glorified the word of the Lord. And as many as had been appointed to eternal life believed.
Acts 16:14 Now a certain woman named Lydia heard us. She was a seller of purple from the city of Thyatira, who worshipped God. The Lord opened her heart to heed to the things spoken by Paul.
Acts 18:27 And when he desired to cross to Achaia, the brethren wrote exhorting the disciples to receive him; and when he arrived, he greatly helped those who had believed through grace.
Ephesians 2:8-9 …which He made to abound toward us in all wisdom and prudence (9) having been made know to us the mystery of His will, according to His good pleasure, which H purposed in Himself.
Philippians 1:29 For to you it has been granted on behalf of Christ, not only to believe in Him, but also to suffer for His sake.
2 Timothy 2:25-26 …in humility correcting those who are in opposition, if God perhaps will grant them repentance, so that they may know the truth (26) and see that they may come to their senses and escape the snare of the devil, having been taken captive by him to do his will.
The gospel extends a general call to salvation to all that hear the message while the Holy Spirit extends an inward call only to the elect. The general call of the gospel can be, and is often rejected, but it is impossible to reject the inward call of the Holy Spirit. It always results in conversion of those to whom the inward call is made.
Romans 1:16-17 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first ad also for the Greek. (17) For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith. As it is written, ‘The just shall live by faith.’
Romans 8:30 Moreover whom He predestined, these He also called; whom He called, those also He justified; and whom He justified, these He also glorified.
Romans 9:23-24 …and that He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, which He had prepared beforehand for glory, (24) even us whom He called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
1 Corinthians 1:1-2 Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God and Sosthenes our brother. (2) To the church of God which is at Corinth, to those who are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all whom in every place call on the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours.
1 Corinthians 1:23-31 But we preach Christ crucified, to the Jews a stumbling and to the Greeks foolishness, (24) but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God. (25) Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men and the weakness of God is stronger than men. (26) For you see your calling, brethren, that not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called. (27) But God has chosen the foolish things of the world to put to shame the wise and God has chosen the weak things of the world to put to shame the things that are mighty (28) and the base tings of the world and the things which are despised, God had chosen, and the things which are not, to bring to nothing the things that are (29) that no flesh should glory in His presence. (30)But of Him you are in Christ Jesus who became for us wisdom from God – and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption – (31) that, as it is written, ‘He who glories, let him glory in the Lord.’
Galatians 1:15-16 But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother’s womb and called me through His grace, (16) to reveal His Son in me, that I might preach Him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately confer with flesh and blood.
Ephesians 4:4 There is one body and one Spirit, just as you wee called in one hope of your calling.
2 Timothy 1:9 …who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was given to us in Christ Jesus before time began.
Hebrews 9:15 And for this reason He is the Mediator of the new covenant, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant, that those who are called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.
1 Peter 1:15 …but as He who called in is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct.
1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you of darkness into His marvelous light.
1 Peter 5:10 But may the God of all grace, who called us to His eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after you have suffered a while, perfect, establish, strengthen, and settle you.
2 Peter 1:3 …as His divine power has given to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of Him who called us by glory and virtue.
Jude 1 Jude; a bondservant of Jesus Christ and brother of James. To those who are called, sanctified by God the Father and preserved by Jesus Christ.
Revelation 17:14 These will make war with the Lamb and the Lamb with overcome them, for He is Lord of lords and King of kings; and those who are with Him are called, chosen, and faithful.
Salvation is by grace alone and is accomplished only through the mighty power of God.
Isaiah 55:11 So shall My word be that goes forth from My mouth. It shall not return void, but it shall accomplish what I please and it shall prosper in the thing for which I sent it.
John 3:27 John answered and said, “A man can receive nothing unless it has been given to him from heaven.”
John 17:2 “…as you have given Him authority over all flesh that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him.”
Romans 9:16 So then it is not of him who wills nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy.
1 Corinthians 3:6-7 I planted. Apollos watered, but God gave the increase. 7 So then neither he who plants is anything nor he who waters, but God who gives the increase.
1 Corinthians 4:7 For who makes you differ from another? And what do you have that you did not receive? Now it you did indeed receive it, why do you boast, as if you had not received it?
Philippians 2:12-13 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but not much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, (13) for it is God who works in you both to will and to do for His good pleasure.
James 1:18 Of His own will He brought us forth by the word of truth that we might a kind of first fruits of His creatures.
1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God has come and has given us an understanding that we may know Him who is true; and we are in Him who is true, in His Son Jesus Christ.