The art of wine tasting is used to distinguish the taste of fine wines. The art of wine tasting is indeed an art. Wine tasters follow some general guidelines and rules that judge a wine, certain techniques can help you appreciate the most out of your wine. All types can be classified by either the primary grape variety or the region where the grapes were grown. Wines classified by the type of grape they contain are called varietals and wines classified by the growing region are named for the region itself.
Look at the wine while pouring it into a clear glass, then taking a few moments to observe the color. The white wines aren't white, but actually yellow, green, or brown. Red wines are usually a pale red or dark brown color. Red wine gets better with age, while white wines get more stale.
Smell the wine in two steps. Start with a brief smell to get a general idea of the wine by swirling for a few moments pick out the subtleties. Then take a deep, long smell. This deeper smell should allow you to take in the vanilla, oak, berry and other nuances that describes the flavor in the wine.
Swishing is an important step. The reason why wine tasters swish the wine around in their mouth's is to get the taste. The front and the back areas of the tongue contain taste buds that can detect food and liquid that is bitter, salty or sweet. However, to get the proper taste from wine, you need to swish it around in your mouth and allow your taste buds and sense of smell to bring out the unique and bold, rich and fine flavors in the wine.
Taste the wine. To properly taste the wine, you should first take a sip, swish it around in your mouth, and then swallow. After swallowing, you'll be able to distinguish the after taste of the wine, and the overall flavor. The first phase, is the initial impression that the wine makes on your palate. This is comprised of four pieces of the wine puzzle: alcohol content, tannin levels, acidity and residual sugar. These four enigmatic pieces display initial sensations on the palate. The middle range phase, is the wines actual taste on the palate. You are looking to discern the flavor profile of the wine. The final phase is how long the flavor lasts after it is swallowed. This is where the wine culminates, where the after taste comes into play. Did it last several seconds? Was it light-bodied, medium-bodied or full-bodied? Can you taste the remnant of the wine on the back of your mouth and throat? Do you want another sip or was the wine too bitter at the end? What was your last flavor impression: fruit, butter, oak? Does the taste persist or is it short-lived?
Determine the quality after you have looked at the wine, smelled it, and finally tasted it, you'll be able to evaluate the wine from a taster's viewpoint. This is the easiest way to determine the quality of the wine by all of these factors, and whether or not it has been properly stored and aged. The art of wine tasting and determining it's overall quality can take quite a while to develop. The love of good wine with friends ais what is and family ultimately important on our art of wine tasting sojourn.
- The bottles should always be stored correctly and properly aged.
- Record your wine tasting impressions. Did you like the wine overall? Was it sour, bitter or sweet? What about the acidity and balance? Does it taste better with a heavy meal, cheese or bread? Would you purchase it again? If so, note the wine's name, vintage year and producer for future reference.
- The wine tasting experience is off or tainted during illness with a cold or flu, whenever our sense of smell is affected.