The bed bug life cycle

The number of bed bug infestations is on the increase and these nasty little creatures are being reported in areas where there previously were none. Many people think that bed bugs inhabit dirty places, however this is not the case and these bugs will happily thrive in clean conditions. 

In order to detect bed bugs and locate them you need to understand the bed bug life cycle and how these nasty little creatures progress from cradle to grave.

Bed bug life cycle stage one - The egg

The first stage of the bed bug life cycle is the egg. The female bed bug will typically lay a cluster of eggs, which consists of less than fifty individual eggs. Compared to other insects the clusters are not that large, but each cluster will produce more than enough baby bed bugs to create problems. The eggs will be laid on a rough surface and the female bed bug will secrete a sticky substance that will be used to hold the eggs firmly in place. The eggs will hatch in one to two weeks, depending on the climate.

Bed bug eggs are almost the size of a pin head, so they are very small. In addition, the white colour makes them very difficult to spot. In order to spot bed bug eggs you are going to need a strong flashlight and a good magnifying glass.

Arguably, bed bugs are hardest to kill when they are eggs. If heat treatment for bed bugs is used for example, the room needs to be warmed up to at least 113 degrees Fahrenheit for at least sixty minutes to kill the eggs where as the room only needs to be at 113 degrees Fahrenheit for fifteen minutes or so to kill nymphs and adults.