By putting your kitchen and garden waste and scraps into a compost bin or a worm farm instead of putting it in the bin can reduce your household waste by as much as half. Keep reading this beginner’s guide to composting to find out how you can do your bit for the environment.
How to start composting
Setting up a compost bin
Passionate composters use set-ups that include multiple bins, but a designated compost heap in a corner of the backyard works just as well. Ideally, choose a nice sunny accessible area where you can easily put scraps in, and take compost out. You can purchase specially designed composting bins at your gardening supply store.
Put your scraps to work
Add the compost to your garden
Other alternatives if you don’t want to compost
Find a local gardening club or other place that produces compost and offer them your food waste, or ask your local council to introduce a food waste recycling program. You could also try approaching local cafes and restaurants – some area already recycling food waste back to farms where the farmers can use it to replace oil-based and gas-based fertilisers, which cuts back on their costs and climate pollution too.
What if I don’t have a garden?
You will be surprised just how little space you need for a composting unit these days. Neatly designed worm farms can easily be tucked away on a balcony, and there are a number of super efficient, super-compact compost bins that can be kept on the kitchen bench top. If you have pot plants or window boxes, they’ll benefit from this rich compost. If you don’t, you could donate your compost to a gardening friend or a local school or community.
I can’t be bothered sorting through scraps
There are composting units available now that can compost not only just vegetable peelings but also all kinds of kitchen waste, including raw or cooked meat. Some go in the backyard like a traditional composting unit, but others are deigned to sit on a kitchen bench.