What is the difference between developed and developing countries? The question is a rather complex one, because as we may see everyday on the TV, differences between those two types of countries are huge and visible in almost every area of life. Let's start with a general truth, which is commonly established, that in developed countries the level of wealth and well-being of citizens is much higher than in developing countries. This is usually due to the fact that most undeveloped countries lack some of the most important national resources. Unfortunately, there aren't any solutions, that can be easily applied in those countries to solve their core problems.
Of course we have some fuzzy boundaries between those two levels of development and not every country will fall exactly into one of the two categories mentioned. Let's start the comparison and take a look at two aspects of significant importance - people and economy in those countries.
At first, developing countries are to be described, because their situation is far more complex and difficult. As for the people, in underdeveloped countries there are high rates of both births and deaths. Families decide on giving birth to more than one child, because young ones will take care of the farm when they will grow older. Children will also help their parents to keep family business (and by family business I mean working on a farm) going at a right pace.
Many underdeveloped countries lack any pension system to protect older people's finances and well-being. Raising a couple of children seems to be the only way to make sure, that during the elder years, a person will have someone to help. That help will be needed because older people will be gradually more likely to be sick or suffer some injuries due to their hard work. While speaking about the mortality rate – it is usually that high, because a country that is developing does not provide enough medical and financial help for people to survive. Hygienic conditions are also far from perfect. This is the main reason behind so many health issues, that those countries have to deal with.
Another huge problem, that we can distinguish in developing countries is lack of availability of key resources, such as fresh drinking water or food supplies. Without proper state protection and health support, there is a strong probability of an epidemic, that can be really hard to stop when an outbreak of it takes place. In consequence, hundreds of thousands of people may die and the epidemic can be even spread over the borders of the country in which it started. Governments of developing countries have to deal with a lot of problems of social origin. The most important problems are: poverty, hunger, low education level (or even illiteracy), unemployment and lack of proper health care. To summarize it - people in developing countries are generally poorer than in countries already developed.
The situation is completely different in fully developed countries. Those countries are characterized by low levels of birth and mortality. Low mortality rate is caused mainly by a well prospering health care, but low birth rate is present due to the fact, that maintaining a family with more than one child is expensive nowadays. Another factor is the professional career. Women more and more often decide to achieve a significant professional success, and because of this concept, there is (usually) no time and place for a large group of children in their lives. The most popular model of a family in developed countries is 2+2, but there is also an increase in popularity when it comes to 2+1 model. The government in those countries is also better developed and more supportive than in underdeveloped nations. For example, there are many programs and foundations for poor and older people.
Industry and economy
When it comes to development, it is perfectly visible in the state of economy and industry of a given country. In developed countries, the majority of industry branches are on a high level of technological progress. Main source of income is the service branch of economy, second when it comes to importance is industry, and the smallest role in countries’ GDP is played by agriculture. Another economic fact is, that the infrastructure is advanced and developed properly, so the development and growth of both companies and enterprises is much easier to achieve in those countries. They are just structurally better prepared than poor countries to fulfill companies' varied needs.
In most cases, underdeveloped countries have agriculture as their major GDP income source. It is mainly due to the fact, that services and many branches of industry are in the stage of development or even don't have proper foundations. Thanks to this phenomena, underdeveloped countries have a better prospect to develop quickly, because they have many things to do and improve within their borders. They just need proper solutions that will lead those countries to become the place, where their citizens would love to live. Highly developed countries have meager and rather slow prospects of improvement, because in most cases there aren't really many areas where those countries can improve. They are rather stable when it comes to economic status.
I hope that my article have given you some useful insights about both developed and developing countries. As you can see, the difference between those two types of countries is tremendous and hard to miss. If you are looking for the most important factor using which you will be able to determine whether a country is developed or not – people's well-being is that factor. Generally speaking, if a country is developing, people's well-being will rise throughout the time. Of course, the difference between developed and developing countries is in many cases only contractual and fuzzy, because some countries might be in the moment of great changes. When a country is in that moment, some of the measurements (like mortality rate) can classify the country as a developing one, but other data will state that it is a developed one.