Society and the different religions of the world
The effects of the diversity of world religions on society
The advent of the Lutheran church and Protestantism came about at the time when great European thinkers were recognized. During the 16th century, Germany was undergoing change in terms of general thinking and acquiring a new set of perspectives. This was called as the German Reformation in which Martin Luther and John Calvin were the ones who led this change thinking beliefs. Although many changes did happen, one change which was apparent during this time was the change in religious inclinations and perspective.
Martin Luther, an Augustinian monk, wanted moral reform within the church based on his observations of practices contrary to the scriptures. One particular practice which he abhorred was the sale of indulgences as if the salvation of the soul is facilitated through the offering of money. Another thinker was John Calvin who advocated commerce and industry together with simple living. And through this, one gains a dignified character close to what the scriptures instruct.
As was observed at this time, a religious revolution came into play. Religious indignation became widespread, coupled with poverty within the society, and revolts in different places materialized and added to the chaos. The church no longer able to provide religious support for believers as it had become materialistic. This was the reason that reformers' ideas became an alternative explanation of the secular situation. The 16th century situation of religious and civil anarchy, and disunity paved the way for the conceptualization of different ideas, particularly pertaining to religion, which led and changed the history and image of Germany into the contemporary setting.
Throughout history, the Jewish people have always been persecuted. They have been exiled to hostile lands, subjected to many misfortunes and were almost annihilated during World War II, nevertheless, they continue to flourish as a people with a unique culture of its own.
In Europe, during the early part of the 20th century, Jews were not particularly accepted as equals. The reason underlying this is the fact that racial differences were common during that time, especially when Hitler advocated the Aryan supremacy concept as opposed to the Semites. The fact that they don't have a land which they can call as their own added to their dilemma. They encountered many challenges, including their being persecuted because of their religious dispositions. Most of the Jewish community believed that the only way to solve most of their problems was to establish a Jewish state. This was set-up as the state of Israel with the help of the Zionist Movement dedicated to the Jewish state in Palestine. In here, they were able to practice their religion as what have been practiced by their forefathers.
Through the passage of time, many traditions and beliefs were forgotten because of events and challenges the Jew met before the establishment of their own state. Yet, the Zionist Movement was both a guiding light and a salvation entity that helped in conferring back upon the people the prided Jewish identity. Upon the establishment of the state of Israel, with the aid of the Zionist Movement, long lost traditions, and religious beliefs were able to be incorporated again into their culture. And until this day, these traditions of two thousand years continued to be practiced by the Jewish people. People which are resilient to change; no wonder they are called the Eternal people.