Since the beginning of the 1990s, the England soccer teams have been involved in a number of penalty-shoot outs. In both the FIFA World Cup and the UEFA European Championships England have been eliminated in the knockout stages a few times after drawing games and then losing on penalties. These are the England games that have gone to penalties.

1990 World Cup Semi-final

At Italia '90 England were having one of their best World Cups after a 3 – 2 win against Cameroon ensured their place in the semi-finals. In the semi-finals they came up against the Germans who went one up. However, Linekar’s equalizer ensured that the game went into extra time. During this period England came close to scoring with one of their shots hitting the post and rebounding out from the goal line. However, as neither team could score during this period the match went to penalties. During the shoot-out the Germans did not miss while Waddle and Pearce failed to convert the spot kicks. As such, the Germans won the game and went on to win the 1990 World Cup.

Euro 96 Quarter-Final

After thrashing Holland 4 – 1 England were optimistic against Spain. However, the Spanish were not pushovers and were perhaps a little unlucky not to score in this game. England held out and the game ended 0 – 0. This game remains one of the few that England have won on penalties thanks to Seaman’s save that ensured their place in the semi-finals against Germany.

Euro 96 Semi-final

They say lightning does not strike twice, but it does when it comes to England V Germany games as they played a second semi-final against each other at Euro 96. Although Shearer put them in front his team could not hold the lead and Germany equalized. The game remained level at 1 – 1 for the remainder of the 90 minutes, so went to extra time. In extra time neither team could score again so, as in Italia 90, the semi-final would be decided on penalties. Both teams converted their first five penalties. In the sudden death penalties that followed Southgate missed his, which ensured victory for the Germans.

1998 World Cup 2nd round

England took on Argentina in the 1998 World Cup 2nd round, and it was a great game. Owen’s fantastic goal was one of the highlights, but it was not enough to win the match. Beckham was also sent off during the match. The game ended 2 –  2. During the penalty shoot-out England fired blanks, so Argentina progressed into the quarter-finals.

Euro 2004 Quarter-final

The quarter-final in Euro 2004 was one in which England took an early lead in. They held this until some way into the second half, but in the last 10 minutes Portugal equalized to take the game into extra time. In extra time they then went in front, but England equalized minutes later. England also scored a third goal, but referee did not give the goal. As such, the game went to penalties with both teams missing one of their first five spot-kicks. In sudden death penalties Vassell missed his penalty and England crashed out of Euro 2004.

2006 World Cup Quarter-Final

Lightning does indeed strike twice when it comes to England and penalty shoot-outs as the same teams (Portugal and England) and same managers met again at the quarter-final stage of the 2006 World Cup. The loss of Rooney left England to play with 10 men although they held out to keep the score at 0 – 0. As such, this game also went to penalties; and, as you may have guessed, England lost the shoot-out.

This was the last England game to go to penalties. England’s overall record in penalty shoot-outs is won one lost five. Strictly speaking the team did not lose a game in 1990, '96 or 2006, but because of penalties has still not won a major trophy since 1966.