What Is A Gallbladder?
The gallbladder is a small, pear shaped organ near the liver in the upper right abdomen. The gallbladder is connected by corridors to the liver and the first part of the small intestine, the duodenum.
What Is Bile?
Bile is a thick, yellowish liquid that is produced in the liver and is important for the digestion of fats. Bile is continuously produced in the liver and transported to the gallbladder, where it is concentrated and stored. When there is food in the intestines, the gallbladder squeezes bile through the bile duct into the small intestine, where the bile supports the digestion.
Formation Of Gallstones
The most common disease of the gallbladder is the formation of gallstones. Gallstones do not always cause complaints. Only when people have complaints, the removal of the gallbladder is necessary (cholecystectomy). Removing the gallbladder is necessary because it is very likely that there are other new stones will form.
Anyone can get gallstones, but people who are overweight and especially women between 35 and 55 years are more at risk.
People can live without a gallbladder without a problem. After the operation, the bile will flow directly from the liver to the intestines.
There are two methods to remove the gallbladder, the laparoscopic cholecystectomy and ordinary (conventional) cholecystectomy. Your doctor will discuss with you what the best in your case is.
Gallbladders used to be removed with the ordinary cholecystectomy through an abdominal incision. Nowadays, most patients will get a so-called keyhole surgery (laparoscopy).
Just like with any other surgery, you could get complications with your gallbladder surgery. These complications are rare, the vast majority of gallbladder surgery goes smoothly. Possible complications are inflammation of a vessel or wound infections. A serious complication like damage to the bile duct is very rare.
After The Surgery
The first day after your gallbladder surgery the wound is still sensitive. You will notice that all movements, breathing and coughing are painful.
In a laparoscopic surgery you can drink a few hours after surgery some sips of water. In most cases, patients get the first day after the surgery liquid food.
Depending on the surgery, you are discharged from the hospital between the second and seventh day after surgery.
After returning home, you will notice that the first days may be tiring and support from your immediate environment can certainly help.
The wound does not need special care and you can wash or shower yourself without a problem.
You also do not need a special diet, but be careful with high-fat meals. Try what you can tolerate.
When the wound is healed, you may resume all normal activities. When you return to work depends on the type of work you do. Recovery after conventional surgery sometimes takes longer than after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Note: I am not a doctor and make no claim to be. If you have further questions about gallbladders or gallbladder surgery, please consult a doctor.