Aztec Pyramid


There is every different type of geographical landscape in South America and especially in Mexico. The site within the hemisphere has allowed the area of the Aztec empire to escape the major changes of climate and past ice ages. Due to this, the people of this area grew independently within their specific locations; whether it was through new technologies, set farming, sedentary lifestyle, or hunter gatherer cultures.

Aztec Maya MapCredit:


As an example, in the Great Plains of Texas, archaeologists discovered Lanceolate. The Natives used these weapons to pierce animal skin from far distances due to the openness of the plains that humans hunted from, as opposed to dense vegetation of the jungle where lanceolate’s were not as useful. The swamp areas in the Valley of Mexico are a prime example of geography creating sedentary cultures. These swampy lands gave way to the floating gardens and produce recurring resources from farming.

Ancient Maya: The Rise and Fall of a Rainforest Civilization (Case Studies in Early Societies)
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Arthur Demarest brings the lost civilization of Maya to life by applying a holistic view to the most recently discovered archaeological evidence. His theoretical interpretation simultaneously emphasizes the brilliant rain forest adaptations of the ancient Maya and the Native American spirituality that permeated all aspects of their daily life. Drawing on data from the latest significant archaeological research in Central America, this new study appeals to those interested in the ecological bases of civilization, the function of the state and the causes of the collapse of civilizations.


There was a difference in pottery within this region as well. Some cultures created different techniques of stamping their creations or depicting artwork on them. The same goes for the way they depicted life on their local infrastructure, instead of using written words, pictures depicted their lifestyle similar to the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs.

Mayan HieroglyphsCredit:


These independent tribes and cultures also created their own languages. Linguists have defined over fourteen spate languages within native Mexico. The largest language spoken was Uto-Aztecan. This was due to the Aztec control over the land leading to the North and South of Mexico, which were the main trade routes in and out of the area during this time. Once they had time to grow and create trade routes and exchange wisdom and knowledge, the Aztec culture was able to assimilate other pre-Mexican cultures.

Animals and Plants of the Ancient Maya: A Guide
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A growing interest in all things Maya brings an increasing number of visitors to prehistoric ruins and contemporary communities in Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, western Honduras, the Yucatán Peninsula, and the southern areas of Chiapas and Tabasco, Mexico. For these visitors and indeed everyone with an interest in the Maya, this field guide highlights nearly 100 species of plants and animals that were significant to the ancient people and that continue to inhabit the region today.