Jesus made it clear in the 7th chapter of John that the Holy Spirit had not yet been given to each believer and would not fulfill this role as the Counsellor until later in the future for “Jesus was not yet glorified.” We see the true meaning of His words spoken at this time when we look to the end of each of the Gospels and to the first opening chapters of the book of Acts. By the end of each of the Gospels, Jesus has risen from the dead and has appeared a number of times to His disciples appearing as a “ghost” or “spirit.” The Gospel of Mark records in the briefest words what happens next. “So then, when the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, He was received up into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God.” This is very similar to what David wrote in verse 1 of the 110th Psalm: “The Lord said to my Lord: sit at my right hand until I make Thine enemies a footstool for Thy feet.” We find a similar description of events, only in more detail in Acts 1:1-9. But only after Jesus is taken up is the Holy Spirit given to each believer, to indwell them and to be with them always. In Acts 2:1-4 we read of the meeting of believers, coming together to worship and pray. In verses 3,4 it is recorded that the Holy Spirit came down in the form of tongues of fire, separately alighting on each of those present, “and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit was giving them utterance” (NASB, Acts 2:4). The Holy Spirit had come, just as Jesus had promised. He had comforted them with these words:
“And I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may be
With you forever; that is the Spirit of truth,…”
“But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not
Go away, the Helper shall not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you.”
(John 14:16; 16:7)
And now He was come to stay, dwelling in the hearts of all those who believed in Him. This was now the reality of each believer; Jesus within spirit by the Holy Spirit. Never before had God come so near.
This reality did not exist in the days of the King Saul and King David. In their time the Holy Spirit came upon whom the Lord chose to do a specific task. We see this earlier in the book of Exodus when the Lord “filled [Bezalel] with the Spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding and in knowledge and in all craftsmanship; to make designs for working in gold and in silver and in bronze, and in the cutting of stones for settings, and in the carving of wood, so as to perform in every inventive work” (NASB, Ex. 35:31-33). The Spirit of God filled or came upon men for a time to do a specific work or fulfill a role. The men and women fortunate enough to have the presence of the Spirit of God with them still did not enjoy the fellowship of the Spirit. This was to be the privilege of the saints after Jesus had been crucified and then had risen to His glory in heaven. And yet when we look at the life of David, arguments to be brought forth contending that David too enjoyed the pleasure of the fellowship with the Holy Spirit.
Both Saul and David were kings of Israel; Saul being the first one anointed, David quickly following as the second. But both of them were given the Holy Spirit for the purpose of ruling the new kingdom if Israel. And on both of them the Holy Spirit came mightily. Both of them were anointed for the role of king. But we find two very different outcomes in the lives of these two kings.