Abu Simbel temple was built by the Pharaoh King Ramssese II in Egypt.  He constructed it as a reminiscent of his wife, Nefertari, who had won many titles from the people of Egypt. The temple characterizes the deep love of the king and the queen in stone letters and poems.  The sculptures in the temple represent the emotions of strange and significant events in their life.  These carvings that incorporate the social and cultural views of the Pharaoh kingdom are best examples of the art of making sculptures.  The temple was constructed after Ramssese had completed 24 years of his reign over Egypt.  Historians conclude that Nefertari would have died after this.



How Nefertari became the beloved wife of Ramssese II

Calmness, good behavior, broadmindedness were the qualities of the royal wife, Nefertari.  Her pictures on the walls of the temple illustrate that she was highly cared about her style and appearance.  Even modern fashion designers get surprised at the charming and catchy attire of Nefertari, as depicted in the walls of her tomb. She was involved in the foreign affairs matters of Egypt in taking important decisions. Her intelligence and beauty made her adore by the Great King Ramssese II among his other wives. She won several titles from the people of Egypt including Great of Praises, Sweet of Love and Lady of Grace.

The victory of Egyptians over Hittite after the war was a milestone in the history of Pharaohs.  Later when they signed up the agreement of peace between the two nations, Nefertari sent a greeting to the queen of Hittite addressing “my sister”. This is a best example of how broadminded she was.

The consecration of Nefertari as divine queen. Abu Simbel, Egypt
Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/archer10/2216685731/

The colorful pictures inside Nefertari's tomb

In Luxor, about 20 km from the Nile, stays the tomb of the mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt, Nefertari.  The important picture inside this tomb is that of “Isis”, goddess of motherhood. “Osiris”, god of afterlife also stands along-with, blessing for a heavenly life. The goddess of honest and truth, “Math”, spreading her wings as a protector for the queen also is a beautiful rendering.  The lines and color combinations seem to have correlated to each other. With light yellow color as the base, the entire life of Nefertari, the furnishing of the tomb and the afterlife are painted on the walls in black, red and green colors. This tomb is referred to as the “place of truth”.