Step 1—Setting up the perfect environment

 The actual pond is the first step of the start in building the perfect Koi pond. You must design and create a pond that will not only be pleasing to the eye, but a sustainable environment for your Koi. Proper placement, size and pond type are to be considered essential when building your pond.

 When constructing your Koi pond bigger is usually always better. You must realize that these fish have a habit of growing pretty fast. So, you really have to consider the amount of fish you will put in your pond and the size of that pond.

 Unless you have considerable knowledge of landscaping, fish keeping and construction you might just want to let the professionals take care of building your Koi fish pond. While many people thin that building the pond themselves will save time and money, they could not be further from the truth. You could spend a lot of cash rebuilding your pond if it was not constructed correctly in the first place. You may have many problems that need to be fixed. Another extremely important factor is that if your Koi pond is not set up properly, you may not even be able to keep your fish in it and alive.

 Always remember, when you hire a professional to do a job, it is their responsibility to give you what you want. They can, and should, give you their knowledge when it comes to you making a decision, but ultimately they will do whatever you want them to do. Because of this knowledge transfer you may not be able to blame them if your pond fails due to its location, size or other mitigating factors. However, please be aware and beware of extremely small quotes for construction because these people may cut corners that could potentially cause you many problems later. And those problems could cost you many more dollars. While the quotes should come in different, they should not be drastically different in size.

 Step 2—Learning about Koi fish keeping

 The more knowledge you have really is power when it comes to keeping Koi. It really is very important for you to learn everything you can about this hobby before you jump in with both feet.

 Other people, such as your pond builder and fish retailer, may have some knowledge and ideas about the hobby, but you should always learn as much as you can on your own. These people can be trusted just as far as their services, but remember they are in business to sell their services—they might be pretty biased on the information they give you. One extremely important thing to consider is that you are the one home with your Koi. If something goes wrong they will not be available for the answers you may need.

 Step 3—Picking out the perfect Koi fish

Once you have taken the pains of designing and creating the perfect Koi fish pond you will need to look for the Koi fish that will inhabit that pond. Remember that these fish will grow large rather fast and they will breed once per year. Only get the right amount that will give them room to grow. If you should over populate your pond you can have serious problems in the future.

Step 4—Prevent common Koi pond problems

There are a couple of things you can do to help prevent certain problems with your Koi pond.

One is to always quarantine any new fish before introducing them to the general Koi population. Koi have been known to have certain illnesses and viruses such as Koi Herpes Virus (KHV) with few or no symptoms showing. By quarantining them you will greatly reduce the risk of exposing your healthful population of Koi to this potentially deadly situation.

Water tests should be taken at least weekly. Taking a water test weekly will alert you to anything that may stress your pond. You will always be able to identify any discrepancies in the water. This will help you to save the water as a sustainable home for your Koi, but you may actually be able to save the fish as well.

Step 5—The food you feed your Koi

Watching your Koi and feeding them should be the most pleasing part of having your pond. You should check with the person who sold you the Koi, or a local pet store, to know the amounts and type of food to feed them. You must understand that feeding patters for your fish will change with the season and temperature.

Koi can be fed treats such as fruit, vegetables, bread and some store purchased treats.

You can train your Koi to eat from your hand if you work at it. This will take some time and patience, but you will ultimately be able to do this and it will provide ongoing entertainment for you, your family and your guests.