The person of Melchizedek is a mystery in Christianity, where two schools of thought exist over this figure. One school of thought holds that it is a priesthood and not one particular person, whereas the other holds it is a mythical figure. The Bible mentions this character as both king and priest in different places. This article will show that Melchizedek is a person, and that he is the expression of supreme deity, based on scripture.

Scriptural References

The first mention is in Genesis 14:18-20, where we see this person blessing Abraham as the latter came from a victorious battle. In this passage, this priest of Salem gave Abraham bread and wine, and then blessed him. It is instructive that the greater always blesses the lesser. Here, he goes by the description of the priest of the highest God. Thus, we already see that this person is both priest and king, as he is also king of Salem. In Psalms 110:4, the second mention is made, where we are informed of the Melchizedek priesthood. This Psalm is a prophecy of the future rule of Christ. In this passage, Christ is to be a priest of this order forever, which implies an eternal order.

In the New Testament, this subject is in the Book of Hebrews, chapter 5:6, chapter 6:20 and chapter 7: 1-3. In all these places, the thought of priesthood is prominent, with Jesus fulfilling the role of mediator of the order Of Melchizedek.

Evidence That This is an Expression of God

Hebrews 7:1-3 reveals that this person is God manifested in a certain expression. In verse 2, the scripture calls him king of righteousness, and then king of peace. An earthly king can never be the king of righteousness, as only God Himself qualifies for that, Job 36:3. Indeed man can never have righteousness of his own; God has to impute righteousness to him, as Romans chapter 5 shows. Again, the title king of peace can only apply to God.

It is in Hebrews 7:3 that the clearest evidence that this figure is not a myth or impersonal priesthood lays. It emerges that he has no parents, no genealogy, no beginning and no end, which things prove he is an eternal person. Almighty God alone is the eternal, since all else is his creation, though he does give his creation eternal life.

The form this great person appeared in prefigured Jesus, who would be the bodily manifestation of God. Since he did not have a human body, he appeared in a celestial form, which Bible students sometimes call theophany. In this state, he has appeared to men in different forms, as a pillar of fire and cloud, angelic being and a number of others. God can change the outward form, as need be, but not his essence. Eventually, this divine person incarnated in the person of Jesus Christ. The book of John chapter 1 shows us the logos or word becoming flesh. This person came into the virgin-born body of Jesus to redeem humanity and relate with them, as man himself has a flesh body.

When a Born again Christian Dies

Upon death, a born again Christian attains the order of Melchizedek, since they shed the corporal body and the soul enters the celestial body, as 2Corinthians 5:1-6 explains. The Christian remains in this resting place awaiting the resurrection of their earthly body in a glorified form to come upon their celestial body and go to the marriage supper of the Lamb.

The place where Christians rest in their supernatural bodies as they await the resurrection body is under the altar of God, as Revelation 6:9 shows. These bodies do not need food, but when the resurrection body comes on them, one can eat as Jesus ate fish after his resurrection.


The mysterious person of Melchizedek is God in a celestial body or theophanic form. In Christ, the priest and king offices of his person incarnated. This great person is not a myth, but a reality in human lives. When the Christian attains the new birth, she/he establishes link with their celestial body towards attaining the order of Melchizedek. The upshot of all this is that the Christian will eventually live under this king in the New Jerusalem.