Redemption, according to God’s laws, requires a near kinsman, who has the qualifications. He must also complete a three-fold process to make it effective. Jesus came as kin to humanity to redeem them through a three-fold process. The question of sin needed a person who could meet all the qualifications of a savior and complete the course. In the Old Testament, Boaz redeeming the estate of Elimelech in order to have Ruth as wife was a shadow of Christ doing ransom work for humankind.
There were conditions that this person had to meet to be worthy, namely:
1 He had to be a close relative
2 Had to be rich enough
3 Had to be blameless
4 Had to perform the redemptive act publicly
Jesus met all the requirements of this person, whom the Hebrew language calls goel. He was a relative to humanity because he wore human flesh. When he multiplied the fish and bread, he proved he was rich enough. Regarding blamelessness, even the wife of Pilate testified that in a dream God had witnessed to her the innocence of Jesus. Indeed, they could find nothing against him; they fabricated charges. Finally, Jesus performed salvation publicly by hanging on a cross on a hill.
Old Testament Day of Atonement Typology
For Israel, the annual day of national reconciliation fell on the 10th day of the seventh month. This is the only time in the year that a man, the high priest, entered the holiest place to atone for Israel. He accomplished this through three steps. First was the killing of the sacrificial animal in the outer court, and then taking its blood to sprinkle it seven times on the mercy seat, and finally getting out and appearing to the expectant congregation.
Since the Old Testament is a shadow of the New, Jesus was going to take the same route in the antitype. Whereas in the Old Testament the priest and the sacrificial animal were different entities, in the New Testament Jesus is both the sacrifice and the high priest.
First Fold: Purchase Work
The first fold of this reconciliatory work was purchase work. Jesus paid the price by dying a vicarious death and shedding his blood. Without the shedding of blood, there is no forgiveness of sins, Hebrews 9:22. The 53rd chapter of Isaiah sheds light on the vicarious suffering of Christ for sins and sickness. This sacrifice alone is what will restore humanity fully, and take them to a renewed Eden. No human being could save others, since all are sinners by nature. It took God himself to incarnate and assume the form of a son to execute salvation.
Second Fold: High Priest's Mediator’s Work
The book of Hebrews 9:11-15 records that after his death and resurrection, Jesus entered the holiest place for the purpose of high priestly work. Although he had paid the price on the cross, the beneficiaries of that atoning work were ignorant of it; thus, he had to intercede for them until they became aware and received it. During the church age, Christ has been in this office of intercessor. Owing to this, the church has received salvation for the last two thousand years.
Third Fold: Claiming the Purchased Possession
At the end of the church age, Jesus undertakes the final step of ransom work by claiming the purchased possession. The names of the purchased are in a book, and Christ claims the book for he purchased those written therein. The book of Hebrews 9:28 records that Jesus will appear the second time to those who await him to complete salvation process. In Revelation chapter 5, the lamb (Jesus) takes the book from the hand of the eternal Spirit God, to call the redeemed to resurrection and translation for his marriage supper. In Jeremiah 32:6-15, there is a figure of purchase and claim. Jeremiah as a kinsman to Hanameel, bought the latter’s land so that the latter would claim it after the end of Babylonian captivity.
Jesus Christ, as kinsman, executes a three-fold process of redemption to restore believers to original wholeness. Through this process, sin and all its effects including death cease eternally. The state that Adam enjoyed before the fall becomes the lot of the redeemed.