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The Various Parts of Scientific Study Method

By Edited Feb 19, 2016 0 0

There are nine building blocks that comprise scientific study. Each of these nine stepping stones are all inter-related and are all important to create the entire scientific study process. The nine steps include: Observation, facts, concepts, constructs, variables, hypothesis, laws, theories, and models. Observations are made by individuals who are trying to determine the basis for facts. At this point in the research process we want to know what is fact and what is not, the best way to do this is through observing what is and what isn't feasible or real. Observations also pose as a reference for future researchers to use as a guideline or to host their own observations for comparison. When observations are made, facts result. Facts can only be relatively conclusive when thought to be true by a group of influential individuals. I say that facts are relatively true because in history's case we believed it was fact when scholars thought the world was flat- it has since been proven wrong of course. So, facts are believed to be true until another fact proves the original wrong. The relative facts that are considered true pose as the basis for concepts and hypothesis to form in the future steps of the scientific study process. When and individual has an adequate amount of facts about an idea they are able to continue the scientific research process with concept ideas. One might recognize the word in context as something along the lines of a "concept car" or a vehicle that has been thought up and has not yet went through a critic process to determine if the car is something that can possibly be sent to the production lines as an actual safe and sellable vehicle. Basically, concepts are basis ideas that have not made it to construct levels and been exposed to critical variables, determining if the concept is feasible based on fact and hypothesis. After a concept is conceived it must go though several steps to become an actual model for real-life production or practice. However, there are more structured levels of concepts called constructs that are thought up for specific purposes. These constructs may use special facts or variables or specific sets of fact and information to serve a special informational purpose- or to give individual who is studying the information a better grasp on certain scenarios through possible or impossible constructs to prove a point. Variables tie concepts and constructs together with hypothesis, because an individual will use concepts to create a hypothesis. When creating a hypothesis, one may use several concepts in which an individual would use variable to represent each concept or system in shorthand to conceive the hypothesis. Hypothesis are used to estimate or make educated guesses about the outcome, usually what the researched believes will be the outcome. And is later used to compare to, to see if the hypothesis was close, spot on, or way off the mark. To prove a hypothesis correct, on must apply universal scientific laws. Laws are sufficiently verified set of information describing a direct cause an effect between two variables or phenomenon. These laws are created through numerous observations and experiments backing the laws' information in specific conditions universally. Applying recognized laws to hypothesis along with observations and experimentation, one can determine if a hypothesis is correct, thus leading to potential theories to be made. Because theories can be proved wrong, they are not considered scientific law. Most concepts that are proven relatively right are considered theories unless widely backed and proven as law. For instance, gravity is a scientific law because anyone can see and feel the effects of gravity. However, black holes and worm holes are relative theories because, while the idea is widely accepted, it is not proven to be fact. Theories are meant to disclose a set of interrelated information that explains or predicts specific events or phenomenon. The last step of the scientific process involves actual models. Models are formal collections of information comprised of the entire scientific process. Models should explain the steps taken to create the final model, the experiments and observations taken and utilized, as well as the concepts, variables, and laws that created the hypothesis that eventually led to the theory for the model. Lastly, models' main purpose are to share discovered knowledge with the research community and leave the theory open for discussion and criticism of the idea while condensing the scientific process into one formalized representation of interrelations of all of the researching steps.



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